‘We support Tamil right to self-rule in Sri Lanka’ ….- Erik Solheim

Erik Solheim, Norwegian Minister of International Development in a wide ranging interview to Indian magazine Tehelka has said Norway is supporting Tamil right to self-rule in Sri Lanka. Text of the interview as follows:

The Sri Lankan government was against holding the talks in Norway, as demanded by the Tigers. They insisted that talks be held in Sri Lanka or in some Asian country. How did the two parties agree on Geneva finally?

The two parties agreed to meet after being convinced that the ceasefire agreement must be upheld to prevent further escalation of the situation. Norway reassured the parties of its readiness to facilitate talks wherever they agree to meet. They agreed on Geneva on a suggestion from the facilitator. Switzerland has always, in their eyes, played a constructive role and maintained an unbiased approach in the peace process.

What was the agenda for the talks?

Negotiations in Geneva were not means to end the conflict, but it is very positive that the parties agreed to discuss how to improve the serious security situation.

You have held talks with both the parties. What are the major complaints and grievances on each side?

The main complaints relate to the high level of killings, abductions and violence over the last month. But I cannot paraphrase the parties’ positions on these matters.

Do you believe a negotiated solution is possible, given the history of aborted agreements and failure of peace initiatives in the last five decades between the Sinhalese and the Tamils?

I sincerely believe in a negotiated political solution. The Norwegian government is committed to actively promoting peace and reconciliation internationally. We will continue to give priority to facilitating the peace process in Sri Lanka as long as the parties request our efforts and we see that we can play a constructive role. I hope that the parties gain mutual confidence to take the peace process forward. There is clear pressure on President Mahinda Rajapakse from his allies, the Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna and Jathika Hela Urumaya, not to concede even the most basic demands of Tamils. Both parties favour a solution within a unitary state structure, a departure from former Prime Minister Ranil Wickremasinghe.

With Rajapakse dependent on them for survival, how meaningful can talks be?

I cannot in my position as third party facilitator involve myself in political issues regarding internal dynamics on either side.

Do you think a solution is possible within a unitary state structure?

I take the view that the parties should not be blinded by the use of different terms and find a solution acceptable to all Sri Lankans.

What in your view are the legitimate grievances of Tamils?

There is broad agreement in the international community on support for Tamil rights to some form of self-rule or power sharing within a united Sri Lanka.

Do you agree with the view that trouble started with the controversial Ceylon Citizenship Act in 1948 disenfranchising thousands of Tamils, the declaration of Sinhala as official language, and the subsequent laws in education favouring the Sinhalese etc, resulting in the alienation of Tamils?

Both parties would have a different take on this issue. Norway is tasked to bring the parties to the table and assist them in finding a durable solution to the conflict. We have to be careful in our comments on historical matters, however important they may be.

There is a view that the eu will revoke its travel ban on LTTE cadre post-Geneva talks. Do you see that happening?

Norway is not a member of the eu and thus not involved in eu deliberations. We do not have an official stance on this issue.

The Sri Lankan government’s proxy war against the LTTE through the Karuna group is said to be the main cause for the escalation in violence. Has the government given any assurance of disarming Karuna?

Both the government and the LTTE have reassured that they will do their utmost to stop violence. The Lankan military has been harassing civilians, triggering an exodus of Tamil refugees to India. The Sri Lanka Monitoring Mission too has attested this.The parties are committed to end the campaign of violence.

What did the LTTE’s Prabhakaran tell you?

Prabhakaran promised to do his part to put a stop to the escalating violence. He reaffirmed his commitment to the peace process and a peaceful solution.

The US seems to have taken a pro-Sinhala stand. The recent statements of Under Secretary Nicholas Burns and Ambassador Jeffrey Lunstead betray their bias.

Many governments, including the US, expressed their support to the parties ahead of the talks. We are encouraged by the support of India, US and others to Norway’s involvement as facilitators.

What was the outcome of your recent Indian visit and meetings with NSA MK Narayanan and Foreign Secretary Shyam Saran?

India has always been supportive of the peace process and of Norway as facilitator, and reiterated its support during the meetings. Norway will continue to keep India informed throughout the process. [TamilWeek Mar 26, 2006]

Related: -JVP reiterates firm ‘No” to Norway facilitation
-New Norwegian Peace Envoy Hanssen – Bauer takes over

Tehelka Clarification, Apr 7, 2006

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  1. May Kallu putha ajith,

    what is the prupose of banning LTTE in canada as they were non functional for last two years. did you see any office or open activities in canada. Now the business as usuall in toronto except in papars. the bell belly stewart and others like him are wondering what went wrong with this government banning tigers who doesn’t exist here anymore but untouched the others, got my message malli,

    komatha may oya suthu nanki?

  2. It is quite interesting to note that when the PNM,JVP,JHU and the allied parties condemn ,burn, carry-on protests in front of the norwegian embassy, call them names like white tigers and the likes, the SLG or the CO-CHAIRS or the International players including the mighty USA are silently watching without codemning these actions. It looks as if they like to see more of these to take place with Weerawansa promising to chase the norwegians out of the country and stop their peace facilitation. If the EU,USA,and the international powers want this type of norway bashing to go unchecked is it safe to presume that they too are supporting the view to expel the norwegians from the peace facilitation. Why can’t EU or USA take up the role and give the norwegians a break for a change insted of indirectly supporting the anti-norway protests that are happening before their own eyes in the capital colombo. The EU,USA,INDIA and other donor nations have not condemned the SLG for not curbing these anti-norway demonstrations in colombo. Is it because they want to safeguard the SLG at any cost even at the cost of heavy injustices that are happening by the SLG. So it could be presumed that the international community is supporting the SLG only for their ulterior motives.

  3. How can the SLG,and USA always pass the blame on to the LTTE for every incident of attrocity or killing that happens in government controlled areas. Why can’t the USA condemn the SLG for not honoring their pledges given at talks. Why can’t the USA condemn the JVP for instigating violence and want to put an end to the geneva talks. The real perpetrators of violence are clearly the SLG and JVP it is a mis-carriage of justice to pass the blame on the LTTE who are blame-less on all counts. The SLG is the party to blame for the cruelties that are happening in their controlled parts and having slain the many tamils all along the way it is a shame to pass the blame to the tigers who are a stricly disciplined force un-like the SLG force. The LTTE is sticking to its guns to preserve the cease-fire agreement where as the govenment is totally against the cease-fire agreement purported to have been made between Ranil and Prabha with the intention is to divide the JVP owned sri-lanka.

  4. The brutal killings of tamils in trincomalee that is taking place under the watch of the Sri-lankan army , navy and police is despicable. It is bringing back to memory of the slayings of tamils and brutal killings that happened in 1983 july. The sinhala thugs and JVP thugs are responsible for these slayings and for the bomb blast that preceeded these incidents. Trincocomalee has become a hotbed for sinhala thuggery and killings of tamils by cutting and chopping them. This is a provocative action to make the LTTE to spring into action without any further delay. Before the LTTE acts they will take a close look at the perpetrators and perhaps those people will be their instant target. Also the international community should take this genocidal sri-lankan government to task and cut off all assistance and restrict all aid flowing to this monstrous government and put sanctions immediately. If not the LTTE will be forced to act. If LTTE starts the offensive it will be a worse scenario, because the black tigers will begin their activities instantly and it will be spread all over the country. Interested stake holders and international community should immediately act to prevent this from happening. The trincomalee incident is a well planned action by the sinhala thugs with government approval and blessings.

  5. My Tamil Brother Nada, How can you say that when 3 year old SInhala child and his mother killed by LTTE bomb and other Sinhala civilians indiscrminately killed, these attacks against Tamils are planned? Then LTTE and JHU and part of SL army must have signed an agreement to do all that. I am really sorry for Sinhala thugs actions killing innoccent Tamils and burning shops. I want LTTE to be held responsible for indiscriminate bombing and all Sinhala thugs to be chraged and send to prison or to death row. Majority of SInhalese are not with these thugs.
    In reply to Mallika,- JVP , JHU demo against Norway is a democratic act. USA or other countries should not worry about that. JVP now -not bombing or killing oppononts as they used to. They are part of the democratic process and they have right to hold onto their views. Why don’t you tell LTTE to respect other opinions? They are the ones going on killing spree. The internationals are right to condemn LTTE. Don’t forget 32% Sinhalses voted fro UNP and and another 45% to UPFA. JVP got only 12% or less. JHU merely 1%. We have democracy and JVP now back in line. IF they go off again they should be suppressed and forced to come back to mainstream. That’s what we ask from LTTE? stop killings and talk? You can fight for Ealam as well peacefully, even I may help.
    A Sinhalese
    And mr Thana–Bala – Sinh -g – ham – If we translate that to English will give us impression of real Thana bala malli.

  6. A repitition of july 1983 riots and killings are brought to memory by the tricomalee bombing and subsequent massacre and brutal killings. Torching people alive with their motor bike and hacking to death of a tamil man and burning of the petrol shed where the hacked man was standing. The mob went on a rampage cutting,chopping and slaying armed with knives and swords of tamils and burnt many tamil shops. All these happened in front of the armed forces namely the army,navy and the police. The thugs came in lorry loads and killed particularly tamils reminding the attocities that took place in colombo on july 23,1983. During that time too shops were looted and burnt down. Tamils were cut and chopped to death and people were burnt alive. JR Jayawardhana the then President did nothing to stop these attrocities that happened in the presecnce of police and monks. If history is brought back to life it is this incident under Rajapakse regime. Probably this might have been a part of mahinda chintana part 1 coming to pass and fulfilled and the rest to follow. Mahinda’s entire crew at the helm are designated to carry out his plan and part 2 and 3 and so on are to follow. Even peace loving sinhalese are ashamed of these brutal animal slayings.

  7. The current political events are making the tigers to decide whether they want to fight back or surrender. The genocidal srilankan government and the heirarchchi would want to commence a brutal war to test their sophisticated arms bought over by swindlers and a war would sometime save their skin too. The spin doctors involved in the swindling of massive sums of money when the poor people are almost getting closer to starvation are a factual proof of the timidity of the government. The sinhala government would want to give good promotions and hand outs to criminal killers and the postmortem of the dead bodies are held to find out the ferocity of the killer and the best killer of the lot gets to go csot free and promoted sometimes as ambassadors also. Though investigations are carried out it becomes just an eye wash to allow the killers go scot free and to promote the killers. Compensation is another eye wash just to give a pay back for the losses and to passify the grieving loved ones who lost those due to violence.The tigers are the only party tied down by the cord of cease fire agreement and the government is not obligated as they have endorsed non-agreement as at many times. If the government is not obligated by the ceasefire why should the tigers stick to it. High time the tigers breakawy from this bondage and tell the world that they are no longer tolerating the attrocity of the genocidal SLG and would proceed with the freedom fight and dispel the agressive evil forces out of tamil territories. Time is running out if they will wait listening to the foreign nations. Let the tamils decide what they want and LTTE as their sole representative fight back the evil forces and reclaim all what was lost and free the tmil homelands from the agressor.

  8. 1617 – The short lived reign of Sangili Kumaran, the last king of Jaffna (1617-1618) begins. He assassinated Arasakesari and seized power. His rule was one of cruel deeds and atrocities. Portuguese army under Philip de Oliviera, with 2000 Sinhala mercenaries, marched into Jaffna. Kakkai Vannian helped with boats to cross Poonakari (Pooneryn) and to kidnap Sangili Kumaran to Goa in India. Sangili Kumaran was hanged in Goa, and with this the Jaffna kingdom came to an end.

    1619-1658 – Portuguese rule Jaffna. Philip de Oliviera rules Jaffna kingdom as a separate entity. His rule was marred by extensive destruction and pillage of Hindu temples.

    1658-1796 – Dutch rule of Jaffna. The Dutch capture Trincomalee and Colombo, but rule Jaffna as a separate entity. Thesavalamai Law was enacted during this period, giving legitimacy to the (customary) laws of the Jaffna kingdom.

    1796-1948 – British rule. The British captured Trincomalee in 1795 and the Kandyan Kingdom in 1815. The three states (former kingdoms of Jaffna, Kandy and Kotte) were amalgamated into a single administrative unit in 1831.

    1948 – Sinhala rule of Eelam begins. In the first year, the Sinhala majority parliament legislates to disenfranchise Tamils of recent Indian origin, and begins colonization of Thamil Eelam with Sinhala settlers.

    1956 – Sinhala Language was legislated to be the only official language for the entire island. With this various measures were taken to deny Tamils equal access to education and employment.

    1957 – Tamil resistance to Sinhala rule begins. A peaceful protest by Tamil representatives was broken up by organized thugs with the connivance of the Prime Minister Bandaranaike. Attempts at peaceful settlement with the Sinhalese – Bandaranaike-Chelvanayakam Pact (1958), Senanayake-Chelvanayakam Pact (1965), etc. – fail due to Sinhala intransigence.

    1961 – Tamil resistance moves to Thamil Eelam (Jaffna Kingdom). Sinhala army sent to Jaffna to break up the non-violent protest led by the Tamil Federal Party.

    1976 – All Tamil political parties unite under the leadership of S J V Chelvanayakam QC, to from the Tamil United Federation (TUF). The First National Convention of TUF declares:

    “The Convention resolves that the restoration and reconstitution of the Free, Sovereign, Secular, Socialist state of Tamil Eelam based on the right of self-determination inherent to every nation has become inevitable in order to safeguard the very existence of the Tamil nation in this country.”

    The resolution also called upon

    “The Tamil youth in particular to come forward to throw themselves fully in the sacred fight for freedom and flinch not till the goal of a sovereign socialist state of Tamil Eelam is reached”.

    1977 – The Historical mandate of the Tamil people. The Tamil United Liberation Front went to polls with the following and won with a clear mandate –

    “The Tamil nation must take the decision to establish its sovereignty in its homeland on the basis of its right to self-determination. The only way to announce this decision to the Sinhalese Government and to the world is to vote for TULF. The Tamil-speaking representatives who get elected through these votes while being members of the National State Assembly of Tamil Eelam which will draft a constitution for the state of Tamil Eelam and establish the independence of Tamil Eelam by bringing that constitution into operation either by peaceful means or by direct action or struggle”.

    1983 – War for independence of Eelam begins under the leadership of Velupillai Pirabakaran and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE).

    2000 – At the turn of the Millennium-

    Most of the Vanni region of Thamil Eelam is under Tamil rule.
    The Sinhala army is engaged in a desperate war with the Tamil army (LTTE) to maintain its toehold on the rest of Eelam.
    The people of Tamil Eelam are undergoing tremendous hardships and deprivation at the hands of the intruding Sinhala army.
    The resilience and determination of the Tamil people have changed a distant dream of an independent Thamil Eelam into a distinct possibility in the new millennium.

    Nagadipa or Naka-diva was the ancient name of the Jaffna peninsula. It is first mentioned in the Pali chronicles of Ceylon in connection with the story of the Buddha’s second visit to Sri Lanka in the 6th century B.C. According to the Mahavamsa (ch.1.vv 44-70) the Buddha during this visit pacified two Naga kings of Nagadipa who were arrayed in battle over a gem-set throne. Today the Jaffna peninsula is inhabited mainly by the Tamils. It is therefore assumed by some Tamil scholars that this was so from earliest time and the Naga kings of Nagadipa mentioned in the Mahavamsa too have been Tamils. They have also taken this as evidence for the existence of an independent Tamil kingdom in the Jaffna peninsula from pre-Christian era.

    In the Mahavamsa, or in the ancient Pali, Sanskrit or Tamil literature for that matter, the Nagas are never represented as human beings, but as a class of super natural beings or non-human beings who inhabited a subterranean world, whose normal form was that of serpents, but who would assume any form at will. Referring to the third visit of the Buddha to Kelaniya the Mahavamsa makes the following statement: ‘ When besought by the Naga Maniakkhika in Kalyani, he returned ( to Sri Lanka) the third time. He took his meal there with the brotherhood,… and when he had gone to this side of the place where the former Buddha had stood, the great sage, the light of the world, since there were then no Human beings in Lankadipa, uttered exhortations to the host of devatas, dwelling in the Island, and to the Nagas. (MV. 15, 162-165). This statement proves beyond any reasonable doubt that the Nagas mentioned in the Mahavamsa were not human beings. As has been pointed out by Dr S. Paranavithana, ‘ Even if the Nagas be taken as human beings there is no particular reason to treat them as identical with Tamils. If the Nagas be taken as Tamils for the reason that the ancient Nagadipa is now inhabited by Tamils, Nagas may also be taken as Aryans because the people living in and around Nagapura of North India today are Aryan in speech. (JRASCENS. Vol.VII, pp.181-182). Therefore this legend in the Mahavamsa cannot be taken as evidence for the existence of a Tamil kingdom, not even the existence of a settled Tamil population in the Jaffna peninsula from very early times. In fact, except for this legend in the Mahavamsa and that in the Tamil poem Manimekhalai claiming Tamil settlements in ancient Nagadipa or the Jaffna peninsula, so far we have not found any reliable evidence even to prove the existence of any Tamil settlements there before the Polonnaruwa period. According to Dr S. Paranavithana, ‘the Ceylon Tamils developed as a separate community with an identity of their own’ only after the period of Cola rule at Polonnaruwa in the 11th century A.D. (The Kingdom of Jaffna, p.3).

    Although there is no evidence for the existence of a distinctive Tamil community or a Tamil kingdom in the Jaffna peninsula before the 13th century ample evidence is readily available in our chronicles, in the records of foreign visitors to Sri Lanka and in our contemporary inscriptions indicating that there were large and extensive Sinhala settlements there from very early times and that the Sinhala kings, from the beginning of the historical period up to the middle of the 18th century and thereafter the Nayakkar kings of the Kandyan kingdom up to its fall in 1815 were the lawful rulers of and the legal heirs to the Jaffna region.

    It was at the ancient port of Jambukola, the present Sambiliturai, in the Jaffna peninsula that the envoys of king Devanampiya Tissa (250-210) embarked when leaving Ceylon on their mission to the court of Asoka (273-236). (MV. Ch.XI,20-24). It was also at this port that the Theri Sanghamitta and her retinue had disembarked when they came from India with a branch of the Bodhi tree at Buddhagaya during the reign of Devanampiya Tissa. The Theri and her retinue were received by Devanampiya Tissa, who had come to Jambukola from Anuradhapura (MV. XVIII> 1-8, XIX, 23-32). Further the chronicle states that king Devanampiya Tissa built three Buddhist shrines, namely the Jambukola Vihara, the Tissamaha Vihara and the Pacina Vihara and planted a Bo sapling in the Jaffna peninsula (MV.XX.25-27). A gold plate inscription discovered at Vallipuram near point Pedro reveals that during the reign of Vasabha (67-111) the Jaffna peninsula was governed by a minister of that king and that a Buddhist Vihara named Piyaguka Tissa had been built there by that Minister. (EX.IV. 229-237). According to the Mahavamsa (XXXVI.9,36) Kanittha Tissa(167-186) during his reign at Anuradhapura repaired the cetiyaghara of the Tissamaha Vihara in the Jaffna peninsula and king Voharaka Tissa (209-231) during his reign effected improvements to that Vihara. The Culavamase records that king Aggabodhi II(571-604) built a Relic House and a dwelling place named Unhaloma for the monks of the Rajayatana Vihara in Nagadipa and granted a village there for the provision of rice gruel to the monks living there (CV.42.62). These facts clearly prove that no independent Tamil kingdom was in existence in the Jaffna peninsula during the Anuradhapura period.

    If there had been an independent Tamil kingdom in and around the Jaffna peninsula in ancient times, at least a few Tamil inscriptions of those kings who ruled in that kingdom should have come to light from some sites in and around the Jaffna peninsula, but so far not a single Tamil inscription, or any other inscription for that matter , has been discovered in that area. It is interesting to note that the earliest Tamil inscription discovered in the Jaffna District is by a Sinhala king, namely Parakramabahu I(1153-1186) who ruled at Polonnaruwa. This inscription was found at the entrance to the famous Nakapusani-Amman Temple in the small island now know as Nainativu or Nagadipa; and it contains certain trade regulations concerning wreckages off the port of Uratturai i.e. present day Kayts (UCR. Vol.XXI, pp.63-70). In the words of Dr. Karthigesu Indrapala, the editor of this inscription and the Professor of History of the University of Jaffna, ‘the fact that this edict was issued not by any subordinate official, but by the king himself shows that the monarch was in supreme control of the northern most region of the island (UCR.Vo.XXI,p.66). A few Tamil inscriptions inscribed during the period between the 11th and the 13th century have been discovered at places such as Polonnaruwa, Kantalai and Trincomalee; they do not belong to any Tamil ruler of Jaffna but, some to the South Indian Cola rulers who forcibly occupied Polonnaruwa during the 11th century and the rest to the Sinhala kings, such as Vijayabahu I(1055-1110) and Jayabahu I (1110-1111) who ruled at Polonnaruwa (EZ.II, pp.242-255;IV, pp.193-195; VI, pp.28-30; 62-83, 88-94;VII. IV, Nos. 1338, 1392,1408, 1412,1415; ASCAR 1891, p.12 Nos.78-80). Although we have not found even a single Tamil inscription belonging to any of those so-called Tamil rulers of Jaffna in and around the Jaffna District, a few Sinhala, Tamil and Sanskrit inscriptions belonging to some Sinhala kings of Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa have been discovered from some sites in and around the Jaffna District indicating that the region was under their control and it was part of their kingdom as late as the 13th century. We have already referred to the gold plate inscription of Vasabha discovered at Vallipuram and to the Nainativu inscription of Parakramabahu I. In addition to these two inscriptions found in the Jaffna District, two other Sinhala inscriptions of Dappula IV who ruled at Anuradhapura during the 10th century A.D. have come to light from that District; of these two, one was discovered at Kandarodai, the ancient Kadurugoda Vihars, a Buddhist Temple in Uduvil and the other at Tunukai in the D.R.O.s, division of Punakari (Silumina, Literary supplement – 25.3.79, p.’1 20.05.79, p.11). A few more inscriptions belonging to some Sinhala kings have also been found at various places around the District of Jaffna; we may mention among them, the Tiriyaya Sanskrit inscription of Aggabodhi VI(733-772), the Tiruketisvaram Pillar inscription of Sena II(853-887), the Mannar Kacceri pillar inscription of Kassapa IV (898-914), a tenth century slab inscription at Kurundanmalai near Mulaitivu dated in the reign of a Sinhala king named Abhasalamevan, the Palmottai slab inscription of Vijayabahu (1055-1110) and the Kantalai stone seat inscription of Nissankamalla (1187-1196) (EZ. III. Pp. 103-113; V.pp.174-176; ASI, Nos. 351,2057).

    It is recorded in the Culavamsa that Vijayabahu I after the unification of the island having expelled the Colas from Polonnaruwa, effected repairs to two Buddhist shrines in the North, namely the Jambukola Vihara at Sambiliturai in the Jaffna peninsula and the Kurundi Vihara near Mullaitivu. (CV.60,v.60). It is clear from the above mentioned Nainativu Tamil inscription which contains certain trade and custom regulations that even in small islands, such as Uratota (Kayts) around the Jaffna peninsula, were under the control of Parakramabahu I. As has been pointed out by Dr. Karthigesu Indrapala, Parakramabahu I was in supreme control of the Northernmost region of Ceylon and there is contemporary and reliable evidence to prove that Uratota (Uratturai) was an important naval and commercial centre in Parakramabahu’s time. The Tiruvalangadu inscription, a Cola record dated in the twelfth year of Rajadhiraja II (1178) informs us that Parakramabahu I was building ships and assembling troops at Uratturai, Pulaicceri, Matottam (Mantai), Vallikaman, Mattival (Mattuvil) and other places in order to make a fresh invasion of South India (UCR.XXI,pp. 63-70; El.XXII, pp.86-92). It is evident from this inscription that not only Uratturai (Kayts) and other islets mentioned there were under the control of Parakramabahu I, but also all the other islets around the Jaffna peninsula were under his rule. Commenting on the name Uratturai occurring in the Nainativu inscription Dr. Indrapala states that ‘the geographical name Uratturai occurring in the record is one of the few earliest recorded place – names of the Jaffna peninsula, after they became Tamilised. Hence its importance of the study of local nomenclature. The place – names of the Jaffna peninsula have a very strong Sinhalese element in them, thereby preserving memories of an earlier Sinhalese occupation of that area’. He further states in a foot note that ‘The Tamil element in this Sinhalese place – name and the language of the record show that extent of Tamilisation in the north during the twelfth century. The retention of the Sinhalese element in the place-nomenclature helps to establish the extent to which a Sinhalese population after the Tamil conquests and settlements. A considerable percentage of Sinhalese names and the occurrence of Sinhalese-Tamil compound names are circumstances that print to a long survival of a Sinhalese population and an intimate intercourse between the Sinhalese and the Tamils’. (UCR, Vol.XXI,pp.67,68 fn.19) It is mentioned in the Culavamsa and in the Pujavaliya that king Maha of the Kalinga race, the last ruler of the Polonnaruwa kingdom, had set up fortifications at Uratota, Mipatota, Mahatittha (Mantai), Mannar, Valukagam (Valikamam), Pulacceri, Kurundi and at a few other places in the North (PUJ.K. Gnanawimala ed. P.790;CV.83. 15-19). All these facts clearly indicate that no independent Tamil kingdom was in existence in and around the Jaffna peninsula even during the Polonnaruwa period.

    It appears that, taking the advantage of the political disturbances caused by the invasion of Magha of Kalinga, some of the local leaders, both Sinhala and Tamil, who were living in the Jaffna peninsula and in its outskirts, and some South Indian political adventurers who came fishing in troubled waters forcibly began to rule in their respective areas and refused to acknowledge the authority of the kings of the Dambadeniya and the Gampola kingdoms. In the same way the Aryacakravartis of Jaffna also seem to have refused to acknowledge the authority of the Sinhala kings and began to rule that region as rebel kings. These self appointed local rulers are referred to as Vannin (Vanniyars) in the Culavamsa and in the Pujavaliya.

    The fact that contemporary Sinhala kings who had their seats of government in Dambadeniya, Yapahuwa, Gampola and in other places in the south had used the title of ‘Trisimhaladhisvara’ (the supreme overlord of the three Sinhala i.e., Rohana, Maya, and Pihiti) indicates that they have claimed the overlordship of the whole island, including the Jaffna peninsula as a part of their kingdom (EZ. III. Pp. 64,66 244-247; V.pp.451-452; ASCM.VI. pp.63- 70). An inscription dated in the 3rd regnal year of Vikramabahu III (1357-1374), found at the Medavala Rajamaha Vihara in the Kandy district records a treaty between hat king and an Aryacakravarti named Martanda (Sin ai Ariyan) of Jaffna. A noteworthy point in this inscription is hat while Vikramabahu III is referred to there as “Cakravarti Swaminvahanse’ (the Universal Lord), the Ariyacakravarti is referred to as Perumalun vahanse’only. This fact and the fact that it is dated not in the regnal year of Ariyacakravarti but in that of Vikramabahu III indicate that the dejure right of that king to the sovereignty over the whole island is recognised by Martanda Singai Ariyan by this treaty. (EZ. Vol.V, pp. 463-466). According to Dr. S. Paranavitana ‘the Arya Cakravartis (of Jaffna) would accordingly have been considered as rebels who did not obey their lawful overlords). The Gira-Sandesa of the Kotte period, while referring to the conquest of Jaffna during the reign of Parakramabahu VI (1412-1467), says that king having sent a large army against Ariyacakravarti who did not obey former kings of Sri Lanka recaptured that region which will remain so for the next five thousand years. This reference shows that the Sinhalese kings had regarded the Ariyacakravartis as rebels, and it confirms the above quoted opinion of Dr. Paranavitana. This position seems to have been admitted internationally, for Ibn Batuta (1344) while referring to the Aryacakravarti as Sultan of Ceylon, calls the potentate as Konakar the emperor (Sultan-ul-Kabir) (UHC.I,p.726).

    Although the Aryachakravartis had forcibly ruled the region of Jaffna for about 150 years, that region was once again annexed to the kingdom of Kotte during the reign of Parakramabahu VI(1412-1467) and Prince Sapumal, the Commander in Chief of other army who was sent to conquer Jaffna was appointed as the ruler there; but the deposed Tamil leaders once again began to rule the region of Jaffna following the return of Prince Sapumal to Kotte where, after the death of Parakramabahu VI, a series of wars of succession and revolts took place. The following references in ‘The Temporal and Spiritual Conquest of Ceylon’ by Father Fernao de Queryroz indicates that these local Tamil leaders had ruled that region not as independent rulers but as vassals of Sinhala kings. The relevant passage reads thus; ‘As long as Rajapura (Anuradhapura) was the capital of Ceylon the whole island was subject to one king; but after the inundation of the lowlands and after the city of Cota (Kotte) became the metropolis, there were in the island 15 kinglets, subject to the king of Cota,who therefore was considered to be Emperor, and the same title is in these days claimed by the king of Candea(Kandy). The kinglets were, he of Dinavaca, Uva, Valave, Putelao (Puttalam), Mantota, Tanagama, Muliavali, Triquilimale (Trincomalee), cutiar (Kottiar), Batecalou (Batticaloa). Paneva (Panama), Vintena (Bintenna), Orupala, Mature (Matara), Candae(Kandy) and of the point of the North Jafanapatoa (Jaffna peninsula) which together with the kingdom of Cota makes 16. (De Queryoz I,p.101) again Fr. De Queyroz states that ‘when we first came to that island (i.e.,Ceylon) it was divided into five kingdoms, that of Cota, Emperor, to which all the others were tributory acknowledging that king as that of Raygam and of Seytavaca (Sitavaka) states which he of Cota divided with his brothers; that of Candea and that of Jafanapatao (de Queyroz bk. I,p.32). The following account given in the ‘A true and exact description of the great island of Ceylon’ by Phillipus Baldaeus, a Dutch predikant who lived in Jaffna for about 9 years, also confirms the statement of de Queyroz. “The fort of Jaffnapatan is square surrounded with strong high walls as the print exhibits, it is larger than the fort of Batavia and is the capital of the entire kingdom. It remained under the Portugezen sway for upwards of 40 years, wrested from the Emperor by Philippo d’Olivero when he defeated the Cingalezen forces near Achiavelli (Achuvely) by the great pagode, where there are still to be seen the ruins and a wonderfully large wide well, deep and round and its centre 24 fathoms deep, truly a wonderful work hewn out of a large rock’. This account reveals that even after the time of Prince Sapumal the Jaffna region was under the rulers of the Kandyan kingdom. It also shows that the Jaffna peninsula was populated even at that time by a large community of Sinhalese who were Buddhists.

    That those vassal states mentioned by Fr.de Queyroz were under the king of Kandy during the 17th century is proved by a statement in Robert Knox’s ‘An Historical Relation of Ceylon’ where he says that he and his companions were taken into custody at Kottiar by a Disawa or General of the king of Kandy and were later taken up into the interior and quartered in different villages in the Kandyan kingdom. (CHJ.VI., pp.189-192). I is quite clear from the above quoted references that not only during the Kotte period, but also during the Kandyan period the Jaffna peninsula and the other places such as Trincomalee and Kottiar in the North and the East were not considered as independent kingdom but as vassal states under the kings of Kotte or Kandy. The statement of Fr.de Queyroz, to wit, that the king of Kandy was regarded as the Emperor of Ceylon, is confirmed by a reference in the book by Phillipus Baldaeus. Referring to the political condition of the island at that time he says that it’is divided into several kingdoms and principalities, as is to be seen by the titles which the Emperor bears, styling himself Rajasinga Emperor of Ceylon, king of Candea, Cota Ceytavaca, Dambadan (Dambadeniya) Amorapora (Anuradhapura), Jaffnapatam…. Count of Cottiar (Kottiyar), Trinquemale (Trincomalee), Batecalo, etc., (CHJ.VIII,p.2). It is also recorded in Baldaeus’ book on Ceylon that king Senarat of Kandy towards the end of his reign summoned all his subordinate rulers in the island for a council meeting for the purpose of selecting a successor to the throne of Kandy after him. Baldaeus has given the names of all those rulers who attended this council meeting and a faithful account of its proceedings. He has also given a translation of the proclamation that was issued by the king after the meeting. According to Baldaeus a representativeof the contemporary ruler of Jaffna also attended this council meeting. King Senarat is referred to as the Emperor of Sri Lanka, The king of Kandy, Sitavaka, Trincomalee, and Jaffna etc., in the preamble of this proclamation. This account of Baldaeus clearly proves that the king of Kandy was the de jure ruler of the Jaffna region even during the 18th century.

    It is clear from the facts so far presented that at no time was an independent Tamil kingdom in existence in the Jaffna peninsula during the long period of history of Ceylon beginning from the Anuradhapura period up to the end of the Kandyan period. Just as the South Indian Tamil invaders who conquered the northern part of the island and ruled at Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa at times were never regarded as lawful kings of Ceylon by those Sinhala kings who ruled in the other parts of the island during the Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa periods, the Vanniyars and other local rulers who occupied the District of Jaffna and other places in the north were never regarded as lawful kings, but as foreign invaders by those Sinhala kings who ruled at Dambadeniya, Gampola, Kotte, Kandy and other places; such local rulers are referred to as usurpers in the Culavamsa and in the Pujavaliya (CV.82, 17-28, PUJ. 768, 790). Even as late as 1805 A.D. the Tamils and the other minority communities who had settled in the Jaffna peninsula have been referred to as ‘foreigners’ by Captain Robert Percival in his book entitled an ‘An Account of the Island of Ceylon’ (1805). While giving an account of the population of Jaffna he states that The inhabitants of Jaffna consist of a collection of various races. The greatest number of Malabars of Moorish extraction, and are divided into several tribes known by the names of Lubbahs, Belalas, Mopleys, Chittys, Choliars and a few Brahamins; they are distinguished by wearing a little round cap on their close shaven heads. There is also a race of Malabars found here somewhat differing in their appearance from those of the continent. These different tribes of foreign settlers greatly exceed in number the native Ceylonese in the District of Jaffna (pp. 71, 72). Even during the time when the Jaffna peninsula was under the Portugese and the Dutch, the Sinhala kings of Kotte and Kandy continued to make their claim to the overlordship of that region, when the British occupied the maritime provinces including the Jaffna peninsula.

    One of the reasons given for the claim to a separate Tamil kingdom in the North by some Tamils is that there was a separate independent Tamil kingdom in the North from very early times. The facts so far presented in this paper clearly indicates that there never existed an independent Tamil kingdom in the North; therefore the claim to a separate Tamil kingdom in the North on that ground is baseless.

    From the foregoing study it is also proved beyond any reasonably doubt that although some Sinhala and Tamil Vanni chieftains of the northern region had attempted to rule some parts of that region disregarding the authority of the Sinhala kings of the South, when there were internal troubles in the South after the 13th century, the Sinhala kings there never recognised those petty rulers as independent kings. A condition similar to this prevailed during the Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa periods when the chieftains of the region known as Rohana on many occasions tried to disregard the authority of the king and to become independent. Rohana, infact, was a separate principality for aobut 15 centuries fro the time of Devanampiyatissa or even before it was under the Uyvaraja or heir-apparent from the beginning and later under an Adipada or heir-presumptive appointed by the king. At times some of these princes of Rohana not only had attempted to disregard the authority of the king but had also declared war against the king and had invaded the capital. According to the Culavamsa a prince named Mahanaga was appointed governer of Rohana by Silakala (518-531) and that prince sometime later rebelled against the king and attempted to become independent. During the 70 years that followed the death of Aggabodhi II (604-614), a period which was characterised by an unceasing conflict brought about by the rivalry of two factions for the throne at Anuradhapura, the local rulers of Rohana attempted to disregard the authority of the Anuradhapura king and to become independent. Again shortly after the accession of Udaya II a prince named Kittaggabodhi of Rohana made an attempt to become independent having rebelled against the king. When Udaya II (887-898) heard of this affair, he appointed a young prince named Mahinda to the governorship of Rohana and sent him there with an army to seize and bring the rebel to Anuradhapura. Kittaggabodhi was taken captive and was sent to Anuradhapura and Prince Mahinda took control of the government of Rohana. Udaya’s immediate successor Kassapa IV (898-914) had to face trouble from that ruler of Rohana; we are told that shortly after Kassapa’s accession prince Mahinda rebelled against the king and invaded Rajarattha. At the preliminary stage of the invasion Mahinda was successful. As Kassapa heard of this defeat of the Royal troops, he send Mahinda’s father Uyvaraja Kassapa to meet the son and to persuade him to give up the campaign. Yuvaraja Kassapa was successful in persuading his son to give up.

    A few years after the accession of Parakramabahi I (1153-1186) at Polonnaruwa the chieftains of Rohana rebelled against his authority but the king after heavy fighting brought them under control.

    If some Tamils claim a separate kingdom in the North on the ground that there was a separate kingdom in Jaffna for about 150 years after the 13th century , the people of Rohana in the South have a separate principality for more than 15 centuries. There was also a separate kingdom after the 15th century up to 1815 A.D.; on similar grounds the people of upcountry also could claim a separate kingdom for them. If we are to create separate independent states in different parts of this small island on the ground that there were petty principalities, such as Vanni kingdoms or forest kingdoms in Panama, Batticaloa, Trincomalee, Denagama etc., ruled by opportunist chieftains, it is left to the readers to visualize as to how many parts we have to divide Sri Lanka.

  10. The long history narrated by Mr.swamy of India is an excellent pre-historic evidence of saying that tamils do not have any rights in a sinhala country. He has a tamil name and don’t know whether he likes to be called a tamil of no fixed residence or land and perhaps denied the right of using his language to officially enact his business in his home and city. The tamils in srilanka suffered enough to fight back for their rights whether Mr.Swamy would be paid a bribe to attack tamils aspirations by the genocidal SLG. Mr.Swamy for the sake of pleasing the SLG can do his bashing of tamils and their feelings and may call himself as a tamil of no fixed address. He will probaply want the tamils to jump into the sea and perish and give the land to the sinhala owners back.He has the guts to say that only sinhalese are the real owners of the island and tamils are intruders.

  11. Mahinda chintana is a baby born by the tying of the knots of marriage between the SLFP and JVP. The midwife who delivered the baby is the venerable JHU. Now the results of this marriage and the birth of the chintana has already revealed it’s ugly face in trincomalee and it will continue as the baby grows. The father of the baby would want to destroy the tigers through this baby who will grow out faster to a monstrous killer. The tigers and tamils who support them will be their targets,as could be seen as the events unfolding. The 90% tamils who support the tigers will be at the receiving end of this baby’s terrorism. The tamils and the tigers who represent them have to be vigilant with this baby and it’s father as their motives and intention is to kill , maim and destroy the tamils and their properties.Even the ex-presidents had similar ideals but the babies did not emerge on the scene but were doing the damages underhand. Mahinda is somewhat honest about this marriage and the baby born. Long live his destructive chintana !!!

  12. The international community looks the other way when tamils and their properties are destroyed by sinhala thugs who are transported by the government passing through all the hundreds of check points with a jayawewa blessing to go out and destroy the tamils and their properties. International players are never condemning the the SLG for these killing of the tamils.The double face of the world players are clearly seen by the action taken by canada and the clear world support and praises that are pouring in support of that move. When tamils and their properties are killed and destroyed the voiceless international players are pouring their sympathies when the evil sinhala forces are killed by mines set out in government controlled areas by the SLG forces and allied paramilitary groups. The international community is refusing to see the truth and are taking the side of the genocidal government at all counts. It is a trvesty of injustice . When will the international community open it’s eyes to the truth and set up their own spies to check out the real perpetrators of crimes and killings.If they don’t want to do that then they are also a part to the crime of SLG attrocities.

  13. If the SLMM is not in a position to demand action by the international community to what is happening to tamils in tricomalee and if they just wash their hands off it is nothing but approval on their part to these crimes. If they could canvass the world community to take stern action to avoid this genocide it will be a creditable action on their part otherwise they will end up as mere observers like the military forces at sight who do not take any action to arrest the hoodlums. The sinhala thugs are running into a rampage killing and destroying tamils and their properties. SLMM is unable to do anything about it is not a good sign. Is the SLMM telling the tamils to seek the counter attacks by the LTTE. The LTTE has not carried any activities thus far in lands under government control but if that be the need of the hour they can wipe out these rowdies in a momentary slap back. If this is the desire of the SLMM and SLG it is asking for die and kill attitude of the suicide squad. May this not be the goal of these peace monitors.

  14. My dear Tamil brothers and sisters,

    It is highly troubling to see the pogroms unleashed by the GoSL on Tamils and treating them in a step motherly approach. It is also troubling to see how my brother “KURAMASAM Karuna” and his party members are being spirited into participating this act by our honorable minister DOG-las Dievanantha. It is utterly perplexing that his ministry of Social services are very active in implementing the rehabilitation programs under the new scheme blessed by his leader Mahinda.

    The foreign AID given to this social services have been well utilized by the Ministry for many (ANTI) social service programs and his ministry seems to be awarded for the high efficiency in meticulously using the Foreign AID to REHABILITATE those armed political party workers.

    My dear brothers and sisters, finally we have a Swedish national in SLMM and soon, he will be seen taking bribe from LTTE or help LTTE by providing SENSITIVE information. I think there are few people here in Sweden try to steel my passport to bring more LTTE agents and I warn you that keep your passports locked inside your DRAWERS while you play pocket billiards.

    I will keep update. I have to go as my cousin H. Lousy Dinesh Moran is calling, see you!!

  15. This Tamil Week site run by Tamils Supporting Sinhala Majoritian views for Tamils holding Sinhala Majoritian views is a big blot on the Tamil Community.

    I am afraid this Tamil Week and The Lanka Academic site are seem to be run by same people with little intelligence.

    While Sinhalese with the help of Navy, Police and Army are commiting pogrom against against Tamils in Trincomalee. What you idiots can talk about all silly nonsense.

    Read the follwing and get a bit of EDUCATION.

    The Parliamentary Group of the Tamil National Alliance (TNA) urgently met today in Colombo to consider the grave situation prevailing in the Northeast, and especially in the Trincomalee District.
    Despite the agreement reached at Geneva between the GOSL and the LTTE regarding the need to disarm the paramilitary groups functioning with the GOSL armed forces, no action whatsoever has been taken in this regard up to date. Instead many Tamil civilians residing in the Northeast, including Mr.V.Vigneswaran, the chairman of the Trincomalee Tamil People’s Forum, have been ruthlessly killed by these paramilitary groups. That the GOSL’s Military Intelligence is also involved with these paramilitary groups in well known. The continuing violent incidents of this nature are the cause for the present tense situation.
    Like the July 1983 genocidal pogrom against the Tamils, the current violence against the Tamil speaking people has been unleashed in Trincomalee with the connivance of the SL Navy. The SL Navy had brought Sinhalese mobs by the truck loads to the heart of the Trincomalee Town, who in turn began murdering, and causing grievous hurt to Tamil speaking people, whilst setting on fire and destroying Tamil commercial centres. That the SL navy orchestrated these incidents is clear. We wish to point out, that the Jaffna District TNA Parliamentarian Hon.N.Raviraj was severely attacked and his vehicle badly damaged by Sinhala mobs at Abeyapura in Trincomalee at about 5.30pm in the presence of the SL Navy officers on 11/04/2006. The TNA condemns in the strongest possible terms these types of State Terror that is being unleashed on the Tamil speaking people.
    The TNA considers that these continuous acts of State Terror are being unleashed on the Tamil speaking people, with the specific objective of terrorizing the Tamil speaking people into fleeing the Trincomalee District with the intention of ethnically cleansing the District of Tamils.
    We fear that these incidents orchestrated by the government will have serious repercussion for the upcoming Geneva talks. We call upon the International Community to strongly condemn these acts of State Terror against the Tamil speaking people. Further, the TNA urges the GOSL to take immediate steps to desist from such acts.
    The TNA wishes to express its deepest condolences to the victims’ families and prays for the speedy recovery of all the injured.
    (On behalf of the TNA Parliamentary Group)

    You dimwits read this

  16. TRUTH PART 1

    SriLankan chronicle
    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    The earliest chronicles The Dipavamsa and Mahavamsa say that, before the migration of the Indo-Aryans, tribes of naga, yaksha, deva & raksha inhabited the island. They are said to have lived in highly developed urban areas in all regions of the country.The first Sri Lankan kingdom had its capital at Tambapanni(Tamiraparani), but later shifted to Upatissagama and then to Anuradhapura.

    Sri Lanka was known to the Greeks and to the Romans, who called it Taprobane, probably after Tambapanni. In the 1st Century, the King sent an embassy to the Roman Emperor Claudius.

    Anuradhapura remained Sri Lanka’s royal capital until the 8th century AD, when it was replaced by Polonnaruwa.

    Tamil presence is noted throughout the country’s written history. Its origins are not dated, but must post-date the arrival of the Dravidian language group in South India sometime in prehistory. Given the island’s proximity to the Deccan Plateau, people of different ethnicities must have traveled to and from it throughout human history.

    There were repeated wars between the Sinhalese and Indian invaders, and for much of the first millennium AD the island was controlled by various Tamil princes. Vijayabahu I re-established a Sinhalese dynasty in the 11th century. The “golden age” of the Sri Lankan kingdom was in the 12th century, when the Sinhalese King Parakrama Bahu I united the whole island under his rule As given in the Mahavamso and the Rajavamsa/Rajavamso, the ancient and medieval chronological records of SriLanka: (names in italics were conquering kings/princes belonging to the empire of Chola and, early and later Pandyas[in block], or those of native Tamil royal clan( pure or intermarriage with Sinhalese royal lines) and Sinhalese intermarriage with later Pandyan princes).

    VIJAYA THAMMANNA-543BC Kalinga prince with his 10,000 people arrived in SriLanka.

    MINISTER UPATISSA-c.520BC (NO KING) Chola prince Urai-Tittan, a sage visits SL, becomes the RajaGuru of the native people.

    UPATISSA NUWARA-505BC The Tamil Guru’s son proclaims to be the first king of the Middle and Upper SL.(Lower SL plains towards the north inhabited by native Nagas and Iyakkas)

    PANDUWAS DEVUPATISSA NUWARA-504BC Pandiyan son-in-law of Upatissa occupies the throne and starts his lineage.






    DEVANAMPIYA TISSA-ANURADHAPURA-307BC Sinhalese language take a definite form during this period as a hybrid of the island’s native Tamil and Pali, the language of the Kalinga people settled for the past 3 centuries.

    UTHTHIYA-ANURADHAPURA-267BC The first king of Sinhala sect administration.

    MAHASEEVA-ANURADHAPURA-257BC A Hindu king who welcomes son and daughter of emperor Asoka and helps propagate Buddhist cult as an accepted part of Sivaism in SriLanka.

    SURA TISSA-ANURADHAPURA-247BC Seggregation of Buddhism from Sivaism as a distinct religion.The king adopts to Buddhism religion and Sinhalese language.From now on, we notice only the fused Sanskrit names and no more pure Tamil or Pali names in the kingslist.

    SENA – GUTHTHIKA-ANURADHAPURA-237BC By the order of Chola king Senni, a powerful merchant Kudignan with his own navy fleet invade the island to destroy the coastal pyrates. Gutikan and his men rule for the next 22 years.

    ASELA-ANURADHAPURA-215BC Prince Asela drives out the Chola merchants and claims the throne.

    ELARA (TAMIL)-ANURADHAPURA-205BC Prince Ellaalan, younger brother of Chola king Ellagan conquers SriLanka and sets up his own kingdom. The story of the king Manu-needi kaaththa Cholan is attributed to him, he is said to have sacrificed his only son’s life to give justice to a mother cow whose calf was overrun by the prince.

    GAMINI ABHAYA (DUTUGEMUNU)-ANURADHAPURA-161BC The now son-less old Tamil king is called for one-to-one battle by the young strong native prince Gamini, and is defeated.







    THE TAMIL FIVE-ANURADHAPURA-104BC Anuradhapura is captured by an alliance of northern native (Tamil) Nagas and Iyakkas. Five kings among them rule in succession. The whole island for the first time in SriLankan history is brought under one rule.

    WALAGAMBA (2ND TIME)-ANURADHAPURA-88BC Walagamba regroups his army, emerges from the mountaineous hideout of southcentral SriLanka, and regains his throne.

    MAHACHULA MAHA TISSA-ANURADHAPURA- 76BC This kings takes the title “Greater Chola” and “Tittan the Great ”

    CHOLA NAGA-ANURADHAPURA-62BC Karikala Chola I’s son who is also the Naga king’s son-in-law, conquers the central kingdom again.


    ANULA AND HER HUSBANDS- ANURADHAPURA-47BC Kuda Tissa’s cousin, the Naga general in-charge, marries Sinhalese Princess Anula, but is soon suspiciously murdered. Anula ascends throne ruling with her next Sinhalese husbands.






    CHOLABHAYA-ANURADHAPURA- 33AD His name suggests continuing Chola-Sinhalese enemity and Cholas still troubling the royal clan. He dies in a war against Chola-Nagas.

    PRINCESS SEEVALI-ANURADHAPURA-34AD Women though can govern the country, could not take the title “queen”.


    ILA NAGA- ANURADHAPURA-37AD Naga prince Ila-Naga for the next 7 years rule the whole of the island.

    SANDA MUHUNU-ANURADHAPURA-43AD Sinhalese prince reclaims the middlecountry.





    GAJABA GEMUNU (GAJABA I)-ANURADHAPURA-112AD GajaBahu is said to be a friend of Cheran Cen-Kuttuvan and visits Vanci for the inaugration of Kannagi temple.




    CHOLANAGA-ANURADHAPURA-192AD Again the throne falls into the hands of Tamil Naga king Chola-Naga – II .



    VOHARA TISSA-ANURADHAPURA-214AD Sinhalese son-in-law of Siri-Naga.

















    SEVEN TAMIL KINGS-ANURADHAPURA-436AD The throne once again falls into the hands of Tamil Nagas and for the next 25 years about seven Naga generals rule the middle country.




    KUMARADASA- ANURADHAPURA-515AD A Tamil general from the hilly South conquers the capital, assumes kingship and rules for the next nine years.

    KEERTHISENA-ANURADHAPURA-524AD The Sinhalese scion briefly get a hand to the throne.

    SEEVA-ANURADHAPURA-524AD The son of Kumaradasa briefly reclaims the capital.

    UPATISSA III-ANURADHAPURA-525AD Seeva is ousted and another Sinhalese dynasty is started.





    MAHA NAGA-ANURADHAPURA-560AD Brief usurp by this Naga king.









































    MAHINDA V-ANURADHAPURA AND KAPULGAL NUWARA-1001AD Chola Emperor Rajaraja the Great conquers most of the island.

    RAJENDRA CHOLA – I -1010AD Rajendra Chola brings the whole of the island under his control.

    KAHSHSHYAPA V (WIKREMABAHU)-RUHUNA-1037AD When the royal scion Kashyapa becomes a lad, he declares his hitherto hiding place – the mountain caves of Upper SriLanka- as his capital and assumes kingship-in-exile.






    MAHA VIJAYABAHU-POLONNARUWA- 1065AD After 97 years, the Sinhalese regain Polonnaruwa.








    CHOLA GANGA-POLONNARUWA-1207AD A Naga general by name Chola-Ganga conquers the middlecountry, assumes kingship, but soon he is murdered while on a fieldvisit to the foothills of Rohanna.

    QUEEN LEELAWATHEE-POLONNARUWA-1208AD The very young daughter of the murdered Tamil Naga king, takes to the throne. Proclaims herself as a queen – the first official Queen in SriLankan history( as Sinhalese women were not allowed to take the throne).


  17. buddy Muni!!

    what happened to you ? why you are keeping your mouth shut??

    Open your eyes and mouth.. and talk now about the facts…………..

    Tamils are the Ilankai boomi puthiras.

  18. Why is the world closing it’s ears to the woes and killings of tamils that are happening in srilanka under the watch of the killer leader and president of the country. He is showing the peace face to the world and the real killer face to the comrades who carry out his agenda of killing the tamils and destroying their properties. They pass the blame on to others and want to prove to the world that the LTTE is responsible for the mayhem. All international voices too speak ill of the LTTE and would want to pass the blame on the tigers for all what is happening. They fail to see the past history of the genocidal srilankan government and the buddhist presidents always wanted the tamils to be persecuted and killed whenever they want justice done. If the current trend continues the sinhala chauvinst would try to annihilate the tamil community or would want the tamil community to get out of srilanka altogether. The sinhalese are of opinion that srilanka belongs to buddhist sinhala peoples only. The international community should fortwith act and stop this genocide and pressure the genocidal mahinda president to grant the tamils freedom from their 60 year long prolonging unsolved tamils issue wherein tamils want to live with evrybody else as equals and with dignity and a right to self rule and for their language rights that is being denied to them. The alternative to a federal tamil state of tamil Eelam is a fully independant tamil Eelam and it should be recognised by international community. An independant tamil Eelam can still be friendly with neighbours and foreign countries and nations. Ills of the tamils can only be resolved by self rule and a separate tamil government.

  19. Prof.G.L.Peiris being the chief mediator in 6 rounds of talks with the tigers when UNP was in power after failing to achieve any solution for their failure to implement the cease fire agreement in full is now coming up with a classic idea that was rejected by the LTTE and the tamils . He is talking of a little more power to the tamils to what they already have. This is a false propaganda on indian soil to make them feel that they would support his idea that was rejected. He is only trying to please the tamil naadu government as if he made a workable solution to the ethnic problem. But in truth they while in power passed the blame on to Chandrika for their failures as if they were curtailed by her actions against them. His classic idea is a stale and sour soup rejected by the tamils .

  20. The communal minded buddhist monk and power thirsty politician and leader of JHU Ven. Ellawala Medhananda Thero is telling the world that sinhalese are not the killers of tamils in the mayhem done in trico recently. So what he is trying to say is the 1983 monk directed killings of tamils was done by non sinhala clergy functioning with thugs who yelled ” Ko Para dhemellu ” Dhemellu maramu , Gahapio dhemulluntta,dhemalluwa puchchapio. So these types of slogans were not coming from the sinhala but somebody else. Medhananda thera himself would have been in the fore front of these killings from the which he is trying to be innocent now. His inclination to kill tamils is nothing less than Mahinda Rajapakse. In general all the sinhala enlightened buddhist leaders and monks are real tamil killers. The killer gangs and thugs worship them and get their blessings prior to those killings. Tamils can never live with these sinhala killers in amicability. But tamils should fight back the evil buddhist sinhala killers and free themselves for good from this evil domination. The LTTE is the answer for the suffering and grieving tamils.

  21. Read the following. A lots of the people need education. Just knowing to write in English Language does not mean that you are educated.

    Bush made the mistake and are suffering in Iraq and poor American are getting killed. You thought Canadians were clever but it seems it is only the Liberals but Conservatives seems more stupid than the Bush Americans. Goaded by the Sinhala racist, fascist and banana republic of a government banned the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam. What is happening in Sri Lanka, Innocent Tamils are being massacred by Sri Lankan Army, Navy and Police. If the Canadian Conservative Government stands for anything they should immediately break off the diplomatic relations with the Fascist Sri Lankan Government.

    Now read the following get Education Canadian Conservative Government too.

    Canada ban on LTTE brings war nearer – Tamil Guardian

    By emboldening the hardliners in the Sri Lankan regime and the Sinhala nationalists who support it and, by destabilizing the balance of forces underpinning the peace process, proscriptions of the LTTE , such as Canada’s, are making war more, not less, likely, the Tamil Guardian newspaper warned Wednesday. “These forces will undoubtedly feel vindicated by the Canadian decision and take it, not unreasonably, as support for their uncompromising positions on the ethnic questions,” the expatriate fortnightly said.
    The full text of the Tamil Guardian editorial, titled ‘Regretabble, Counterproductive,’ follows:
    Canada’s proscription of the Liberation Tigers was not entirely unexpected. Domestic pressures, particularly from some interior arms of the state, coupled with the platform of the new Conservative government, ultimately decided in Sri Lanka’s favour. The move is regrettable, not only because it alters the calculations on which the protagonists in Sri Lanka decide questions of war and peace, but because its effect is the exact opposite of Canada’s stated expectations.
    Announcing the ban last week, Foreign Minister Peter MacKay, also declared that Canada was supportive of a negotiated solution to the island’s conflict and was even prepared to host talks between the Sri Lanka’s government and the LTTE. To begin with, this is a contradiction in terms – on what basis could the offer be accepted by the LTTE, given the partisan position Canada has taken?
    More importantly, the logic put forward for the ban – that it would assist, not hinder the Norwegian brokered peace process is fundamentally flawed, ignoring, as it does, the now undisguised trends in Sri Lanka, where a hardline Sinhala nationalist administration has resumed the war, albeit covertly, against the LTTE. The Canadian decision is based on the premise that it is the LTTE which is being intransigent and blocking progress towards a permanent solution. But as close observers of Sri Lanka’s conflict, not least the Norwegians, are well aware, the issue is much more complex. First, Sri Lanka’s new government has already ruled out any meaningful power-sharing. It has adopted a defiant and uncooperative stance towards the 2002 Ceasefire Agreement. Most importantly, violence has resumed anew. Whatever the fate of the next round of talks in Geneva, dozens are already dying as Sri Lanka’s military intelligence and its paramilitary allies accelerate the cycle of killings.
    In this context, the Canadian ban is not going to contribute to peace. In fact, it is going to do the opposite by emboldening the hardliners in the Sri Lankan regime and the Sinhala nationalists who support it. These forces will undoubtedly feel vindicated by the Canadian decision and take it, not unreasonably, as support for their uncompromising positions on the ethnic questions. Why, they will ask, do we need to share power, when the organization spearheading this Tamil rebellion has been proscribed as terrorists by the US, UK, India and now Canada? Sri Lanka has stepped up agitations for the rest of Europe to follow suit and proscribe the LTTE. Some Tamils think an EU ban is a foregone conclusion.
    But there are two important elements which the international community needs to consider with regards the Tamil armed struggle; firstly, the LTTE’s domestic legitimacy is not linked to international support or censure, but to the objective conditions of oppression in Sri Lanka. Secondly, it is security considerations on the ground and the overall progress of the liberation struggle that influence the LTTE’s strategy and tactics, not external censure. War or peace, in short, is decided by the possibility of tangible progress at the negotiation table and the prevailing conditions of oppression on the ground.
    Following successive proscriptions of the LTTE in India (1991), the United States (1997) and, particularly, Britain (2001), the Tamil community has become increasingly unmoved by such international criticism. Instead, an understandings of realpolitik, combined with heightened cruelty by the Sri Lankan state, particularly amid the internationally-supported ‘war for peace’ fuelled a desperate struggle which has culminated in the de-facto state run by the LTTE today. These dynamics are not going to change now. The LTTE occupies a critical position in the struggle for Tamil rights. Why was the question of federalism placed on the table in 2002 – we, the Tamils, asked for that as long ago as the fifties? At what point did the international community decide the war was ‘unwinnable’ and talks paramount?
    And therein lies the rub. The present peace process rests entirely on the balance of forces between the Sri Lankan armed forces and the LTTE, a point bluntly put forward even by a former head of the international monitors overseeing the truce. In this context, the Canadian ban – and any others that prove forthcoming – can only serve to upset this balance and undermine the peace process. The ban will encourage Sri Lanka to more intransigent at the negotiating table. It will embolden the Sri Lankan armed forces to step up the shadow war against the LTTE. Most importantly, however, it brings into question the efficacy (for the Tamil liberation struggle) of following a negotiated approach, as opposed to an armed struggle, in the first place.

  22. The human values as taught by the Lord Buddha are esteemed as high moral values by buddhists all over the world. But the srilankan buddhists are practicing a different form of buddhism. To them killing of animals is sin but killing of tamil human lives is like killing the devil jimself. They are of opinion that they can practice and preach buddhism only if tamils are made secondary,stateless and non existing persons. The lives of tamils are of no value. The brutal slayings done by thugs with the help of JHU,JVP and others who don’t like the tamils are their buddhist values that were taught to them. If Lord Buddha was born a sinhalese then their buddhist pride would have sky rocketed. I wonder whether they would like the people who spoke the language of the Lord Buddha himself, or will they try to teach him sinhala if were to be alive today. The sinhala Buddhism may not be welcome in the world though they are trying their level best to propagate it.

  23. The LTTE being a party to the geneva talks with the SLG have an equal say in every turn and if the government want to impose their way of doing things and brag about it why can’t the LTTE also do the same. The JVP,JHU and all norwegian haters did not want the talks in the first place along with the hate mongering state friendly colombo based sinhala and english media. Instead of being happy with the LTTE decisions to pull away from talks now they call LTTE action a fowl play and whereas the SLG being ready and committed for talks. You double tongued press and sinhala beurocracy when will you be honest with your sayings and doings. You say one thing and you do another. You put the many hurdles up until the time they will opt to stay away from geneva and now you call it a fowl. It is celebration time to count your shots of duplicity as working and continue with this type of evil and make a feast and celebrate the decision taken by the LTTE as wanted by you in the first place.But one thing is sure if the tiger lowers itself it is a dangerous sign as it is ready to leap.Even without the action by tigers the saying goes that it is all done by tigers but when the tigers begin their action there want be any hiding place for these rouges.

  24. After the talks with the president the killer sarath fonseka is again back in the lime light after a brief silence.It looks like the talks has given him the strength to take the tigers one on one as he initially intended to do when he took up the commander general position of the army. The heavy toll of killings that happened during his days in jaffna under chandrika did drive him away into retirement. Now that he is given a new lease of life and power his taking the LTTE head on is in the books and it seemed to have got activated after the latest encounter with mahinda. He and all the generals are determined to make a major assault on tigers. The earlier lessons learnt from the losses and retreats and failures in the hands of tiger counter attacks have not taught any lessons to this foolish general. He still thinks that he will defeat the tigers. Having killed all the civilians up to date this honest and never lying general is denying that the killings though happened within their high security zones were all done by tigers and not by them. Minister Bogollogama also insists that no killings ever happened in their area of control. Does that mean that the 5 students shot dead in trincomalee, the killing of parliamentarian pararajasinam, Kousalyan,nheru and many many more have happened in LTTE territory. Rohiththa Bogollagama is indirectly telling the world that their areas of control are but tigers property and thereby tigers need to come with their full force and drive the government forces and the para military forces forth with out from the lands under captivity. So it goes without saying talks are not necessary tigers for settlement, but your power can drive away all these eveil forces from tamil lands. Rohitha’s vision is superb and is inviting the tigers to do it right away.

  25. The tamils counting into the 70 millions world wide and sixty millions in south india alone has always remained as a secondary citizenary in the world. The world powers are using these tamils for many menial assignments all over the world and most of the times utilising their intelligence to their advantage by keeping them enslaved. If 14 million sinhalese think that they are a soverign nation what is wrong with the 70 million tamils to create a tamil sovereign dynasty and bring the tamils as a powerful entity in the world scenario. The time has come for the tamils all over the world to unite into one massive force and tell the world their power and strength and form a world super power tamils dynasty. Tamils cannot be secondary citizens any longer. Tamil Eelam can be the beginning of this uprising and be the greatest strength for tamil unity and for the establishment of a tamil empire that is the necessity of the time and tamil language must be supreme in the world.

  26. Sri Lankan Buddhism in Action. Read the following comments by the fascist monk

    “Responding to the LTTE’s indefinite withdrawal from peace talks, JHU General Secretary Ven. Omalpe Sobitha Thera said said the government was jeopardizing the lives of security personnel in the North and East by continuing to remain with the ceasefire agreement.”

    That racist Monk have nothing to say about innocent Tamils being killed. But was worried about Sri Lankan Army and Navy who are commting genocide against Tamils.

    That Sri Lankan Buddhism in action. Poor Lord Buddha must be turning in his grave. You can find comments similar to Monk’s in Sinhala Buddhist website The Lanka Academic’s discussion pages.

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  28. If the srilanka government is telling the EU to ban the LTTE are they telling the whole world that they still can talk with tigers after cornering them. Why can’t the SLG ban them first and tell the others to follow suit. They are propagating their uneasiness of dealing with the tigers in an open and straightforward manner and bring all hindrances to peace talks and insist that the world should proscribe them. If the SLG thinks that this strategy of bringing the LTTE into submission they forget importantly the concept of dying for a cause that the LTTE has been practicing and their suicide squads are ready for just the orders to commence their action due to the evil SLG forces trying to corner them. The whole world can ban the tigers but the resolve of the LTTE will not change but will make them more and more vicious and dangerous to their enemy namely the genocidal SLG.

  29. The genocidal sinhala government and its machinery are desperate to begin a war against the LTTE and towards that goal they are working tirelessly. Each time they want to attack the tamil innocent civilians they would first bring about a claymore attack or a bomb attack or even kill the sinhala villagers within area under their control and pass the entire blame to the LTTE and start the attack against unarmed civilian tamils with the help of unruly sinhala thugs. Now the latest killings of sinhala civilians in government controlled area has been a massacre planned to put the blame on tigers and start the planned genocide of tamils. The current violence is to drive out the tamils out of all their lands and homes or to kill them and burn their homes and properties. The war which mahinda wants to happen is almost at the door when they want the tigers to start the massive attack in the first place and call upon the world players to wipe out the tamils enmasse. The buddhist philosophy has given these killers a strong anti-tamil sentiment to wipe out the tamils from srilanka.The president and heirarchchy are bent on an imminent war and to bring about a total chaos to the island. Peace is not the language of the sinhala polity but they are willing to live with a destructive and brutal war which is inevitable.

  30. After inviting the Norwegians for facilitator role Mahinda Rajapakse remains silent when his aides are trying to chase them away by calling them names and currently they are calling them as peons running between the two parties. They in fact are telling them what to do as a facilitator. This silly mean lowest undemocratic genocidal government of Rajapakse is now telling the norwegians what they should and should not do. The president begged them to play their role and his aides are trying to chase them and bash them with mahinda’s full knowledge. The world recognised norwegians who have played peace keeping roles in many countries and nations are being humiliated by this mean trecherous srilankan genocidal government.This is like dog barking at the moon.Srilankan government who is not even worthy to lick the boots of world renowned norwegians are in the process of making them angry and to chase them away from the role as facilitator. If norwegians are peons then srilanka is a paraya and sakkili nation who are just good to lick the boots of norwegians.


    LTTE kills young mother while breastfeeding her infant
    Monday, April 24, 2006, 15:17 GMT

    Apr 24, Colombo: The Tigers reportedly hacked to death a young mother while she was breastfeeding her infant at home in the Block C area of Serunuwara in Trincomalee this evening.

    Military sources said this latest act comes barely 12 hours after the LTTE, in a similar incident, executed another crime at Muslim Colony, Kaduruwela, Polonnaruwa: killing a three-year-old infant while he was with his mother.


    LTTE kills young mother while breastfeeding her infant
    Monday, April 24, 2006, 15:17 GMT

    Apr 24, Colombo: The Tigers reportedly hacked to death a young mother while she was breastfeeding her infant at home in the Block C area of Serunuwara in Trincomalee this evening.

    Military sources said this latest act comes barely 12 hours after the LTTE, in a similar incident, executed another crime at Muslim Colony, Kaduruwela, Polonnaruwa: killing a three-year-old infant while he was with his mother.

  33. LTTE is disciplined enough to act as a responsible party as opposed to the unruly SLG genocidal forces. The criminal killing of mother and suckling child in trinco is nothing but a provocative action by sinhala thugs who are already resident in the area and are continuing to commit similar crimes to put the blame on LTTE. If LTTE want to attack back it is the sinhala corrupt forces that will be their targets and not any civilians. The katunayake airport attack is a proof of restraint shown to the whole world when they just destroyed their targets only without harming any civilians and passengers. Their targets are only to destroy the evil party and enemies only. Besides they have never killed at random like the sinhala thugs without any basis for the killing. Their targets and purpose of killings are only at the enemies and strongholds of enemy and not civilians at any time.

  34. Having miserably failed to implement the geneva 1 agreements and the subsequent hurdles placed on the way for geneva 2 the hawkish president now has the guts to threaten the LTTE as if he is still constrained from attacking back due to the world of patience buried deep inside of the humane man like him. If not for his patience he would have destroyed the tigers already and his patience is thought of as a weakness by the LTTE. His warning comes in the wake of bombardments being carried out by his forces in the East due to the suicide attack against the army chief in Colombo as counter attack perpetrated by the so called disciplined forces of SLG. This hawkish man in order to cover up his misgivings that are happening in the country under his presidential supremacy is trying to hoodwink the IC as to he is the most harmless and patient man and great leader to be under such a restraint by the IC in the face of provocations by LTTE. He is also telling that if it was somebody else they would have dealt with the tigers without any mercy. If the president is honest to himself and to the world let him first settle all his obligations as was agreed in geneva 1 talks and then blame the LTTE for their failures. LTTE has been the faithful party to the CFA and the SLG has been the real violator of CFA and still they are telling the world about LTTE failures when the world is not closing its eyes to what is really happening. This president wants the destruction and annihilation of tamils and that is the motive in all his action plan called Mahinda CHITANA and its trail of antitamil activities.

  35. Narrow escape for Genocidal Commander of the Sri Lankan Racist Sinhala Army. Go to the Racist and Fascist The Lanka Academic site where blood curdling Sinhala Racists are discussing how to finish off the Sri Lankan Tamils and their Liberators. All the comments supporting Tamils are deleted but all the advice to Sinhala Army to finish off the Tamils are having a field day.

  36. The hawkish president is running his mouth against the LTTE and is challenging them not to test his patience. LTTE being true to their commtment of the CFA is at the receiving end of presidential wrath for provoking him to anger. His barking is another attempt to make the LTTE to surrender through fear from threat. Prabhaharan being the leader of LTTE and the sole representative national leader of tamils will not bow down or bow out to these threats. He may perhaps yeild to positive signs of peace process than to these subversive attempts to lie to the whole world about their credibility as opposed to the tigers. The SLG is telling the world that they are interested in peace whereas the LTTE are opposed to peace. Past incidents would portray the true side of the story.The SLG is desperate to paint the tigers black and show the world that they are not freedom fighters but terrorists determined to pluder,kill and destry. But the opposite is true.

  37. The IC’s restraint and abstenance in the wake of tamil civilians death and destruction that is being done by the terrorist srilankan government is deplorable. When a terrorist army man is injured by a presumed tiger suicide killer they are quick to show their concern but when the tamil people are killed by air bombardments the IC is stark silent. Can any justice to tamils ever come by from this attitude of the IC or are the air strikes being accepted by the IC as the proper course of action as a retaliatory measure for the colombo attack by an unknown killer or a group of killers set by government itself just to carry out the air strikes against tamil civilians. In the event the tigers retaliate with their heavy armoury what is the IC going to do about it. The IC is totally biased in it’s decisions to remain a supporter of government attrocities against the tamils.

  38. TIGER SICKOS — The day after he left Sri Lanka, Professor Hoole received an email entitled “Warning 1” from a man called Ratnarajah Thivakaran, whom he does not know, saying “we are making arrangements to kill you, if you interest in your spirit, try to leave the country as early as possible”

  39. You sicko Thanabala Singhe read the following. Are you not ashamed of being Tamil souping with the killers of the Tamil, you dickhead.

    We fear that the five decapitated bodies found near Kaduvela in Avissawela may belong to Tamil civilians who have been arrested during searches and disappeared from Colombo,” said Leader of Upcountry Peoples Front (UPF) and parliamentarian P.Chandrasekaran in a letter sent to Sri Lanka’s President Mahinda Rajapakse Thursday, sources in Colombo said.

    The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), on Wednesday, called on the International Community to strongly condemn the “genocidal attempt” on the Tamil people in Muthur east in Trincomalee district. “The International Community is turning a blind eye,” while Colombo has openly declared a war and is carrying out “reprehensible murders” of Tamil civilians in the Tamil homeland. The Government of Sri Lanka (GoSL) has violated gravely the ceasefire agreement (CFA) with the LTTE, said the statement issued by the Head Quarters of the Political Division of the Tigers. More than 40,000 people have displaced, terrorized and are languishing as refugees, the statement said.

  40. The genocidal Mahinda Rajapakse’s presidency will be very sweet to his former leader and rival chandrika who is laughing her guts out at the near war break that could happen at any moment. In fact this is what she knew was coming and she wants a bad omen to this nasty man who even want to throw her out of party chairmanship. The current situation of no-return would make her as a better one of the two devils. She is happy about the situation and her silence is a proof to her cunningness. As the former president she failed to renounce the violence against the civilians that are happening in her motherland where she just completed her term in office and wanted to keep her powers by hook or crook but unfortunately failed. She should voice her criticism at the swollen headed mahinda and condemn his brutality otherwise she is also a part to the killing spree.The hell is waiting ready to absorb all these evil doers at the end of their life’s journey. Every killer will have a field day in hell that is waiting for the sons and daughters who are fit to burn.

  41. details civilian killings by Sri Lankan forces and paramilitaries after Geneva Talks

    103 civilians, including six children, have been killed by Sri Lankan forces and its paramilitaries since Geneva Talks on 24 February untill April 27, according to a report issued by the Political Head Quarters of the Liberation Tigers Friday. 12 Tamil civilians were killed on February 27, March 5, 6, 9, 20, 22, 24, 25, and 28, and the first attack on SLA posts after the Geneva Talks in February took place on April 8th after the assasination of Trincomalee district Tamil activist Mr. V. Vigneswaran. “Readers can now make their own conclusion about who is responsible for deteriorating situation following the Geneva talks,” the report issued by the LTTE concluded.

    Download the report with details in PDF format

    Full text of the reports follows:

    Tamil civilians murdered, by and under the supervision of, Sri Lankan Armed Forces since Geneva talks on 24 February until April 27 2006

    The Tamil civilians murdered by, and under the supervision of, the SLAFs since the Geneva talks on 24 February are given in a Table in this report. With a brief explanation of the data in this Table. This Table tells the story of the gruesome terrorizing nature of the murderous campaign by the SLAFs. After reading this Table, it is not too hard to imagine the state of terror in which the Tamil people are living in the SLAFs controlled areas of Northeast.

    These murders were carried out by two main methods. These are, killing by direct shooting of the SLAFs and killing by direct shooting of the paramilitary while SLAFs stood guard nearby.

    In the case of direct shooting by the SLAFs, the victims are first arrested on a false pretext. They are then shot and the bodies just thrown in a public place to be “discovered” by the people. The murder of five young men in Puthur on 18 April is a typical case of this style of SLAFs murder.

    The other style of SLAFs murder is carried out using paramilitary. These murders are carried out after the SLAFs prepares the ground for the safety of and escape route for the paramilitary which then carries out the murder. Sometimes the roads are cleared of vehicles by the SLAFs so that the crime can be committed with minimum number of eyewitness. SLAFs has stood at the doors of neighbours preventing the neighbours from going to the aid of the victims. In all such murders people reported the presence of SLAFs nearby. When murders had to be committed too close to a SLAFs presence, people observed that the SLAFs vacated the place just before the murder is carried out; returning only after the paramilitary has safely escaped. The close synchronization of the movement of SLAFs and the paramilitary during these murderous campaigns are clear signal that the two are working closely together. These paramilitary murders are carried out in three distinct styles. These are, balaclava wearing gunmen arriving in white-van at night at the victim’s home; helmeted motorbike riders shooting and escaping in daylight; and missing people surfacing as bodies

    In Trincomalee, Sinhala mobs have also been used by the SLAFs to kill Tamil civilians. That the SLAFs stood by as Sinhala mobs continued the mayhem is now well known and reported in the international media.

    Following all such face to face killing, police is brought in to remove the bodies, a judge is also usually present at the scene, and the bodies are taken to the hospital for a postmortem report and the bodies are released to the family. The case is brought to the courts. As is now the hallmark of the Sri Lankan justice system it stops here. The Table gives the names of civilians killed grouped according to the styles of murdered described above.

    To these styles of murders, two more styles must be added. These are, the killing by SLAFs planted claymore mines targeting civilians and killing by aerial bombing and shelling of civilian settlements.

    Some of the claymore attacks and also one incident of face to face attack have been carried by SLAFs that penetrated the Forward Defense Lines of the LTTE. Since these murders are carried out inside LTTE area by the SLAFs these have been grouped separately in the Table.

    The styles of murders to look for in the Table

    direct shooting by the SLAFs,
    direct shooting by the paramilitary while SLAFs stood guard nearby, carried out in three distinct styles
    balaclava wearing gunmen arriving in white-van at night at the victim’s home;
    helmeted motorbike riders shooting and escaping in daylight; and
    missing people surfacing as bodies.
    SLAFs assisted Sinhala mobs,
    SLAFs planted claymore mines that target civilians,
    SLAFs aerial bombing and shelling of civilian settlements and
    SLAFs killing inside LTTE area
    Other major issues to look for in the table

    The number of Tamil children and women killed by the SLAFs since the February 2006 Geneva talks are highlighted in the age and gender columns of the table. Six children under the age of 18 have been killed. Three children were killed in the so called “limited operation” carried out by all three armed forced of GoSL in Trincomalee on 25 April. Among them is a four year old child. The photos of the dead bodies of these children are in page 8. Fifteen women were also killed by this SLAFs murderous campaign.

    The murders of the three high profile community leaders, Vigneswaran on 7 April, Vilvarasa on 20 April and Senthilnathan on 26 April must also be highlighted as all the three men had the potential to be parliamentary representatives for Northeast. Their murders represent an attempt to eliminate the development of democratic leadership among the Tamils.

    Another very important aspect of these civilian murders that is missed by most international observers is the fact that a total 12 Tamil civilians were killed on February 27, March 5, 6, 9, 20, 22, 24, 25, and 28. Then on April 7 Tamil activist, Vigneswaran, was killed. The first attack on SLA posts after the Geneva talks took place on April 8th. Readers can now make their own conclusion about who is responsible for deteriorating situation following the Geneva talks.

  42. How many more cover ups and fabrications need be done to conceal the identity of the killer as reported by the medias of SLG. To extract the truth from SLG and the medias is an impossible factor. Because they never publish the truth in the first place. The truth will have only have one version the whole time.It will not change from version to version. The conflcting reports suggest that the identity is still a mystery. She acted as pregnant and now she is pregnant. She had been to the clinic as long as to be familiar with the place. She pretended to be a soldier’s wife.Initially she had a sinhala name later investigations from CID brought out her real identity as a tamil from vavuniya. The body parts need be assembled to verify the identity. The identity has now been established as that of a suicide tiger woman. Other parties claim the attack. In the above reportings there is no consisitency and lots of untruths are the basis of repoting. When will the SLG be true to its words and deeds.

  43. Is it not time to ask the International Community to declare the Sri Lankan Government as a Terrorist State and put their leaders on trial for genocidal attack and killing of innocent tamils in Trincomalee because the Occupying Army and their Commander were attacked by LTTE.

    What is the difference between Sudan Government and Sri Lankan Government nothing much, Both are commiting unpardonable crimes against their own people. I do not see any diffirence between what is happening in Darfur and Trincomalee its a pure etnic cleansing by the respective Governments.

    After all this how can the stupid Mangala Samaraveera ask EEC to ban the LTTE. He must be very thick.

    Read the following. Irony here is Daily News edited by that racist who used to write for that racist and fascist website TLA has cheek to publish an editorial to criticise the foreign news organisations specially the venerable BBC. It is well known Island is very racist newspaper and but they are very thick if they think they can teach Americans, Europeans and others a few things about impartial reporting. You take the newspapers Daily News and Island they are very well known for supporting racist sinhalese view and very anti Tamil and do not want give anything to Tamil. Take the future pages of those papers full of articles by the racists. You would expect if the government want to build up some goodwill they will order their newspapaers to tone down their virtioloc and racist attacks.

    You could write volume about the stupdity of the undiplomatic Foreign Minister The Pinko. First think he should know is hi is not Lakshman Kathirgamar (That’s another story leave it for the time being). This man is very anti-tamil cannot even recognise the troubles Norway is undergoing to keep peace and avoid innocents being killed.

    Rajapakse’s story is like playing fiddle while the Rome is burning. He has no Leadership, no Statesmenship but only have dim Brithership. When International Peace Negotiator come to the Country he won’t meet them may be he was planning to bomb and ethnic cleanse the Trincomalee. Bunch of amateurs running the country this what you will expect if you rely on brothers, borthers JHU, brothers JVP. God save the Country. Read the following news on the hysterical editorials from those fountains of hate, racisms Daily News and Island.

    Sri Lanka is facing a propaganda war more dangerous than the recent violence in the country, the president said, as newspapers accused foreign journalists of biased coverage.

    “The LTTE said 40,000 people were fleeing and some of the Colombo-based foreign journalists swallowed the lie, hook, line and sinker,” The Island newspaper said in a front-page editorial Saturday headlined: “Call girls and call boys of Fourth Estate.”
    It singled out the BBC and wondered why “irresponsible swashbucklers” are allowed to cover such sensitive matters.

    “They have mistaken their mission here for heightening the conflict by lionising Tigers,” the privately-owned Island wrote.

    The state-owned Daily News headlined its editorial: “The truth slaughtered for Mammon” and accused foreign news agencies and broadcast media of inaccurate coverage in order to make more money.
    “Is life in poor countries so cheap that these Western media organizations would not think twice about flouting every conceivable, time-honoured norm in journalism?” the newspaper asked.

    In his Friday speech to the political parties, Rajapakse did not directly accuse the media but he said: “LTTE and their sympathizers are launching a large-scale propaganda war to tarnish our image.”

  44. The improper use of this opinion column is to disturb the reality of good opinions by writing lengthy unwanted phraseology of side tracking the real opinions. There are some people who are just writing pages and pages of reports that are hardly read by viewers. Keep your opinions short and precise to convey the message you intended without dragging pages of lenghty unreadable pages. The pwners of this page should make sure that opinions are short and precise and limit the coloumns to a minimum. Lengthy columns are appreciative only if not repeated just to keep away good repoting.

  45. What does the IC expect the tamils in srilanka to do in the present situation that is prevailing. The sinhalese have the SLG to protect their interests and lives but failed to protect the tamils. Genocide is a common day to day happenings that are going on. The tamils have lost their faith with SLG government and it’s forces. If IC would intervene and bring about a settlement it would be much needed at this hour. But if IC would not take the SLG to task the genocide will continue and tamils can be annihilated in front of the IC’s eyes. The only force that is capable of protecting the tamils is the LTTE. If the IC would recognise the LTTE as an entity to be the tamils only choice for protection, care and governance then the time to do that is now.

  46. The srilankan government is telling the world that all what they have done thus far was a retaliatory attack against the tigers. They are telling the world that the attack against Sarath Fonseka in colombo prompted them to do the air raids on tamil civilian residential areas. When they tell the world that the commander of the army did not get sufficient protection within the strong protective zone are they making the world to know that even their chief protector can be attacked inside his own citadel. Does this show their gravest weakness in combatting some kinds of attacks such as suicide attacks. They are very clever to arrest civilians in the thousands but they cannot capture one tiger either alive or dead. But they are quick to brand any tamil killed in their own attacks as tigers. To be correct tigers will never get arrested alive due to their cynide capsule but the commoners killed never had any cinide pills around their necks. The sinhala forces are only capable of killing tamil civilians and not the tigers. Their brave annoncements and their mouth organs the colombo medias are bragging about their power which is fake. The tamil leaders who were slain during the recent past should have prompted the tigers to start a counter assault but their respect for the CFA kept them from such backlash. If the government can attack the tamils in retaliation for the attack against Sarath Fonseka why can’t the tigers also do the same.The tigers are honoring the CFA but now it looks that they also can do the same things that the SLG does and maintain that they have not violated the CFA.

  47. Mahinda Chintana has produced another classic idea of arming the civilians against the tigers for self protection. What he is trying to say is that his forces are so weak that protection has to be given to his forces by the people. After geneva 1 he agreed to disarm the paramilitary forces but he did not do that and within a few hours of the attack on three capms and wiping them away he wants to create another group by giving 10,000 guns to the people. What is the guarantee that these guns instead of protecting his forces can be used to kill them. His chintana is a gross violation of norms and the IC should condemn his latest move. If the IC remains silent then it becomes clear that his chintana is accepted by the IC in the genocide he is committing.

  48. Please, lets end this conflict, can we really stand to see our tamils brothers and sisters dying over this

    Lord Krishna says, “where man, helps his fellow man, he is pleased, where he does not, no mercy can help him”


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