Song in partial from the film clip ~
~ mp3: Full length song ~ Dheena Karunakarane Nataraja Neelakandane ~
Song in Praise of the Cosmic Dancer by Papanasam Sivan (பாபநாசம் சிவன்) (Sep 26, 1890 – Oct 10, 1973) , Rendered by Mayavaram Krishnamurthy Thyagaraja Bhagavathar March 1, 1901 – Nov 1, 1959) , in 1938 Movie Thiruneelakandar.
Remix Rendered by Arjun:
Shiva as Lord of the Dance (Shiva Nataraja)
India, Tamil Nadu
Chola period 970 AD
Bronze (copper alloy)
H. 29 1/2 in.
The character of the deity Shiva is complex. He is known by many different names and has numerous manifestations. Shiva is worshiped in symbolic form (known as linga) for his progenitive powers. Although he is regarded as the cosmic destroyer, he is also a creator. Among his manifestations are Cosmic Dancer, creator and destroyer of the universe, wandering mendicant, and family man. He is full of paradoxes. He may be auspicious or inauspicious, male or female. He is all of these things, all opposites reconciled.
This sculpture represents Shiva in his role as Lord of Dance performing his “dance of bliss.” It is believed that Shiva first performed this dance in order to redeem a group of sages who were practicing an unorthodox form of Hinduism. In an attempt to resist Shiva, they challenged him with three creatures, a tiger, a snake, and a dwarf-demon. Shiva subdued all three. As a result, he often wears a snake belt and an animal-skin loincloth, and he generally stands on the back of a dwarf. The three creatures symbolize the untamed minds, egoism, and ignorance that Shiva had to destroy in order to guide the sages to a more developed spiritual state. After he had subdued the creatures, Shiva began his dance. The power inherent in his furious dance symbolizes his role as the creator-destroyer of the universe. The dance is the catalyst for the destruction of the universe and the creation of a new cosmos.
This image was created in south India during the Chola period (880-1279 B.C.E.), an era of great Hindu piety in that region. The Chola rulers were devoted to Shiva, in particular in his role as the Lord of Dance and they built great temples in his honor. They patronized the arts and were renowned for the sculptures made in their bronze casting workshops. [Courtesy: asiasociety.org]