By Dushiyanthini Kanagasabapathipillai
Carnatic Music Festival to celebrate the genius of Sri Thyagarajah was held at the Indian Cultural Centre in Colombo on January 19th 2007 at dusk. Thyagaraja Aradhana was held for the first time in Sri Lanka.
The 160th annual Sri Thyagaraja Aradhana celebrations were held in Thiruvaiyaru on 8th January, 2007. Musicians from all over the state gathered and, sat before the Saint’s Samadhi on the banks of river Cauvery, sang “Pancharatna Kritis” and paid homage to him.
Saint Thyagaraja was born on May 4th 1767 in Thiruvarur in Thnjavur district. He was born as the third son of Ramabrahmam and Seethamma. His father’s was a story teller. His family moved to Thiruvaiyaru soon after Saint Thyagaraja was born. Saint Thyagaraja got married to Parvaty in 1784, when he was 18 year-old. His wife Parvathy died in 1789, when he was 23 year-old. He married here sister Kamala in 1790, and got a daughter. Saint Thyagaraja named his daughter Seethalakshmi. It is believed that on January 6th 1847 would be the day when he was excepted to become Mukthi. He attained Samadhi on Pushya Bagula Panchami in Thiruvaiyaru.
Saint Thygaraja was an eminent composer in classical music, poet and a philosopher. He was an extraordinary personality born to teach humanity through music and Rama Bhakthi. He saw Rama as a chief, as a saviour of mankind and a s a Lord of whole universe. Saint Thyagaraja praised him, cajoled him, taunted him, served him and cried for him,
He studied Sanskrit and astrology. He was very well versed in his mother tongue Telugu. Saint Thyagaraja has composed several Kritis. He made use of 200 ragas to compose different Kritis.
The Divyanama Sankeerthanas and Utsava Samprathaya Kritis composed by him are melodies. He composed 1,800 Kritis.He has created two operas namely “Prahlada Bhakthi Vijayam”, ” Nowka Chittram” and “SitaRama Vijayam”. He wrote most of the Kritis in Telugu, and the rest in Sanskrit.
Saint Thyagarja’s music delights and inspires everyone. The Sri Thyagaraja Aradhana is a solemn tribute of all Carnatic artistes to one of the greatest composers ever. It’s a unique festival.
Saint Thyagaraja lived with Raman every moment. The name Thyaga-Raja means “Prince of Renunciation”
Mangala Vaaththiyam is being played at the beginning of the festival
Kids are playing “Pancharatna Kritis”
Kanitha Gnanathesigar plays the “Miruthangam”
Musicians and music lovers gathered to pay tribute to Saint Thyagaraja
The spectators took part in singing “Pancharatna Kritis”
The Pancharatna Kritis are the most representative of Saint Thyagaraja’s art as a composer
“Pancharatna Kritis”-The five gems set in ragas Nattai, Gowlai, Arabi,Varali, and Sri
“Pancharatna Kritis” are set in “Aathi Thaalam”
“Without peace,there can be no happiness” said Saint Thyagaraja
Saint Thyagaraja was the greatest among the music composers of South India