Ten Questons For Sinhala Nationalists

By Dr Victor Ragunathan

In 1948, with the anticipation of independence which was to be declared on February 04, 1948, a motion was tabled in January 1948 calling for the adoption of Lion Flag of the last Sinhala King of Kandy, Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe as the National Flag. Senator S. Nadesan who was part of the Parliamentary Select Committee has to say this

“I regret that I am unable to agree with the majority decision of the National Flag Committee. In my view a national flag apart from giving an honored place to all communities, must also be a symbol of national unity. From the point of view of giving an honored place to all communities irrespective of their numerical strength, I would have preferred a Tricolor of yellow, red and white or of saffron, red and green. But as objection was taken to a Tricolor by several members of the Committee on the ground that the Lion Emblem will be considerably reduced in size and that it will not be acceptable to majority community, this proposal had to be abandoned”.

He further stated that” As the Lion Flag has been used a distinctive flag; anyone viewing the design that has been agreed to by the rest of the committee cannot be blamed if he thinks that the minorities are given a place outside the Lion Flag. The minorities themselves will feel that they have been given a subordinate position in the flag. Besides the yellow border which runs round the Lion Flag effectively separates the two strips that have been devised to satisfy the sentiments of the minorities thereby effectively creating a division in the flag itself – a division which we are endeavoring, I hope, to eradicate in our national life. After all a flag is a symbol and the symbol must at least effectively show the unity and strength of the nation”.

“Accordingly I suggested to the committee the minimum modification which while not disturbing the proportions of the strips which had been agreed to by the members will ensure the incorporation of the saffron and green strips in the Lion Flag, so that the flag may embody the ideal of national unity which I consider most important in the conception of a national flag. The suggestion that I made was that the yellow border which according to the proposed flag separates the saffron strip from the red strip should be completely eliminated. In the result the flag would have been comprised of green, saffron and red strips in the proportion of 1:1:5 with the Lion on the red strip with the yellow border surrounding the entirety of the flag and encompassing the two strips. This would have meant only the sacrifice of a yellow border from one side of the Lion Flag to enable the saffron and green strips to be closely integrated with the Lion Flag. This I thought was the barest minimum concession that should have been made to minority sentiment if one desired a national flag which would symbolize the ideal of unity”.

“It is hardly necessary for me to refer to other countries like Great Britain where national flags have been designed not by superficially adding a strip to another flag and outside it, but by making the strips part and parcel of the flag. In our national life we do not want to create water tight compartments. Neither do we desire that one community should be segregated from another. Why then do we want to segregate the saffron and green strips which are provided to satisfy minority sentiments outside the borders of the Lion Flag? In my view, the suggestion that I have made does not entail the sacrifice of any vital part of the Lion Flag and thus cannot offend Sinhalese sentiments. At the same time it provides a method of evolving a flag which may be called ‘national’.” 

Question 1: From the inception of independence and national flag, who segregate the minorities? Is Tamils themselves or Ruling Majority Sinhalese?

Since you raise the question of history, I would like to bring some light to some of the darkest and notable moments in the Island’s history.

1915

Ms. Kumari Jayewardena wrote in the Journal of Asian Studies, (Economic and Political Factors in the 1915 riots. Feb.1970, vol.29, no.2, pp.223-233) “The Buddhist-Muslim riots of 1915 are often depicted as an eruption of religious animosity and friction between Sinhalese Buddhists and a section of the Muslim population. According to this viewpoint, the riots were sparked by religious fanaticism as the Buddhists saw in the ‘intolerance and aggressiveness of the Muslims, a permanent danger to their religious practices and celebration of their national festivals.

Charles Blackton in the same journal noted “From a communal clash up-country, disorders spread into six of Ceylon’s nine provinces, causing the deaths of 140 people, the arrests of 8736, and imprisonment of 4497 and at a cost of Rupees 7,000,000. British-Ceylonese relations were severely impaired and Sinhalese nationalism suddenly came of age. It happened, but why? Of a population of 4,106,350 in 1911, the Sinhalese made up 66.13% (24.32% Kandyans and 41.81% low-country people), 23.79% were Tamils and 6.45% were Muslim Moors of which 1/7 were Indian Moors. The remaining 3.5% included Burghers and British. The early years of the twentieth century recorded a few anti-Western riots, some aimed against the Roman Catholic Church (in Anuradhapura, a Buddhist shrine city) and other demonstrations reflecting Asian pride in the victory of Buddhist Japan over the Russian giant in 1905. Anti-Muslim violence directed against the Moors (the term is a survival of Portuguese rule) was, however, not unknown.

Question 2: Since the early 20th century, who initiated the violence against minority (Muslims) based on either religion or language?

Here is some quote from the early history of Ceylon “From the 1911, the legislative council was enlarged to include “unofficial” Ceylonese members and with its new platform came to be provided for the articulation of demands for further participation. With this political advance, the Sinhalese and Tamil elite came together and intra Sinhalese caste rivalry at that time was so great that national leadership roles fell to the Tamils. They came together as equal partners on a vague platform of proto nationalism engendered by class interest, not on the basis of anti colonialism or a desire for political liberation. Their separate ethnic loyalties and identities were nevertheless held intact but were temporarily subsumed by the desire for political consolidation. At the time, inter caste rivalry among the Sinhalese was of political importance, as the Karava Sinhalese were economically and politically dominant and the Goigama Sinhalese were bent on ending Karava dominance, at least politically. So in the 1912 election to the legislative council, the Goigama elite supported Sir P. Ramanathan, against Sir Marcus Fernando, a Karava Sinhalese, and the former got elected.

Question 3: Who were the pioneers of sectarian politics in the Island as early as 20th century?

With the constitutional reform process gathering momentum after 1920, the Tamils took on a new self image as a national minority, vocal and articulate, on the lines of the Scots and the Welsh (but not the Irish) in British politics. They did, in fact, compare themselves to the Scots in their political struggles and bargains with the Sinhalese. The Tamil political leadership then resorted to demanding communally weighted representation and constitutional and legal safeguards, and sought to bargain with the Sinhalese leadership. By now the Ceylon National Council had passed into the domination of the low country Sinhalese, and reforming Congress politicians such as E.W. Perera, Paul E. Peiris, C.E. Corea, D.S. Senanayake and George E. de Silva advocated united nation state and a secular nationalism embracing the various ethnic, linguistic and religious communities. Many attempts were made to patch up differences and bring back the Tamils into the Congress. In 1924, C.E. Corea, a moderate Congress politician, was elected president in order to show “proof of Congress’s desire to secure unity and co operation with the Tamils and Kandyans”. At the time, there was no monolithic Sinhalese entity, but deep divisions within the Sinhalese on the basis of low country/Kandyan, Goigama/Karava, Buddhist/Christian rivalry and mistrust. In this context the Tamils were quite a major force. The centrifugal forces among the Sinhalese were so great that, in order to appease the Kandyan Sinhalese, S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike, in 1926, wrote in favor of a federal state structure for Sri Lanka.

Eranthi Premaratne in a paper presented at the Euro Regions Summer University, Institute of Federalism, University of Fribourg, Switzerland. 25th August – 12th September 2003 titled “Srilanka a unitary to federal state” noted that “A federal Sri Lanka even though envisaged as far back as the 1920s, remained a distant reality until the above declaration was made in December 2002(Oslo). Until then the word federal was regarded a bad word and those who advocated it traitors.

Question 4: Who first proposed the Federal state structure prior to independence and under what circumstances?

Nationality: In 1920, the Kandyan Sinhalese, suspicious of the low country Sinhalese and the Congress formed the Kandyan Association and asserted the distinctiveness of “the Kandyan nationality”. This association described the reform proposed by the Congress in 1920 as one that “threatens to destroy the present position of the Kandyans”. It accused the Congress politicians of seeking to keep “the whole of the administrative power in their hands to dominate the weaker minorities”. By 1925, most of the Kandyan notables had left the Congress and founded their own political organization, the Kandyan National Assembly. While the Kandyan Sinhalese, with much weaker claims to nationhood, asserted a separate nationality and were soon to demand a federal form of government, the Tamil leadership failed to perceive the Tamil ethnic community as a nation, although it possessed all the attributes of nationhood in full measure and was historically a separate nation state. This was because of their denationalized and deracine outlook and their bourgeois interests, which made them allies of the dominant low country Sinhalese. Their conceptual view of the state was derived from British history, thought and institutions, their model was multi ethnic Britain; and their perception of themselves was that of the Scots. Hence they were content to demand “minority rights” rather than define themselves as a nation, with rights of autonomy and self determination. The division between low country and Kandyan Sinhalese also made them believe they could strike favorable bargains within a united political structure. It was only in 1951 that, for the first time, Tamil politicians defined the Tamils as a distinct nation. The first annual convention of the Tamil Federal Party declared: “the Tamil speaking people in Ceylon constitute a nation distinct from that of the Sinhalese by every fundamental test of nationhood”.

In 1927 The Kandyan National Assembly requested a federal system of government. Its memorandum stated: Ours is . . . a claim of a nation to live its own life and realize its own destiny…. we suggest the creation of a Federal State as in the United States of America…. A Federal system … will enable the respective nationals of the several states to prevent further inroads into their territories and to build up their own nationality

Question 5: Who claimed the first nationhood and nationality?

The 1931 election shifted the political focus, for a time, to Jaffna. The Youth Congress, an amorphous grouping of progressive minded young men in Jaffna, being inspired by the Indian freedom movement and following Mahatma Gandhi’s ideals, had by 1929 resolved to seek complete independence for Sri Lanka. The Youth Congress stood for a free united Srilanka and was resolutely opposed to the communal politics of both the Sinhalese and Tamil leadership of the time. It welcomed the Donoughmore reforms abolishing communal representation and extending the franchise, but condemned the failure to grant responsible government. Hence, when the 1931 election was announced, the Congress, without due deliberation, called for a national boycott of the election, emulating the call of the Indian National Congress for a boycott of the Simon commission in 1928. The Youth Congress expected organizations among the Sinhalese to follow their lead. Although a number of Tamil leaders, who were members of the dissolved legislative council, had earlier announced their candidature and had reservations about a boycott, they did not want to defy the call and decided not to contest the election. Hence there was no election for four Tamil seats in the Northern Province.

The Jaffna election boycott was hailed in the Sinhalese areas as a great act of protest. The Ceylon Daily News wrote: “Public opinion in Jaffna is a potent thing. Those who defy it do so at their peril. Ever the home of virile politics, Jaffna is determined to see that the public spirit of her citizens is equal to any crisis.” The All Ceylon Liberal League expressed support for the boycott. A joint telegram from Francis de Zoysa. E.W. Perera and T.B. Jayah to the Congress read: “Congratulate Jaffna heartily on her brilliant achievement and deplore failure to act likewise here for want of unity and a sufficiently strong public opinion, endeavoring to mobilize public opinion to attain the common object by best means available.”

Question 6: What difference did you find between boycotting election under British Colony which was praised by many and under Sinhala Colony which was granted as un-democratic?

By the Ceylon Citizenship Act No.18 of 1948, all Indian Tamils, even those born or domiciled in Sri Lanka, were denied Sri Lankan citizenship. The Citizenship Act laid down the law governing citizenship of Sri Lanka and prescribed qualifications necessary for a person born before or after 15 November 1948 to become a citizen of Sri Lanka. The qualifications deliberately aimed at excluding the Indian Tamils from Sri Lankan citizenship. The Sri Lanka Citizenship Act is unique in that it denies citizenship to a person born in the country before or after 1948 unless, at least, his father was born in or was a citizen of Srilanka. Citizenship is not related to one’s birth in the country but to the birth of one’s ancestors.

As early as 1940, DS Senanayake is on record as saying “It is unthinkable that we should give . . . full rights of citizenship to people who have not made Ceylon their permanent home. The vast majority of the Indians in Ceylon consider India to be their home and Ceylon their place of occupation . . . They are here only to earn and to make money and to take it away to India . . . Unless we stem the tide of the growing domination of Indians in Ceylon in our economic and social life, our extinction as a Ceylonese nation is inevitable. Senanayake also had no thought for one of the worst forms of human degradation—statelessness—that he was inflicting on one million people. The Indian Tamils had voted in 1931 and 1936, and in the 1947 elections they elected eight Tamil MPs, all belonging to the left oriented Ceylon Indian Congress (CIC). The Indian Tamils elsewhere voted for the Marxist parties and helped the election of LSSP and CP MPs.

Question 7: Who made the Upcountry Tamils (referred to as Indian Tamils) stateless third class people and for what purpose?

Solomon West Ridgeway (named after British Governor Sir Joseph West Ridgeway) Dias Bandaranaike, who, on his return from Oxford in 1925, apologized to a delegation of his Walauwa (manor) for not being able to speak to them in Sinhalese and coming from a Westernized family which had converted to Christianity, soon learnt Sinhalese, re embraced Buddhism and adopted local dress.

In 1932 G.K.W. Perera moved two resolutions in the state council calling for the use of Sinhalese and Tamil in the judicial and civil administration. Two years later, at the annual meeting of the CNC, he said: “One of the greatest handicaps the people suffer from is the language of government. It is most absurd for us to fight for rights on behalf of the large majority, when we deny ourselves the right of conducting our government in the people’s languages.” In 1937 Philip Gunawardena of the LSSP moved a resolution in the state council calling for the use of the Sinhalese and Tamil languages in recording entries at police stations and in lower court proceedings. In 1939, the CNC demanded that Sinhalese and Tamil be introduced as the official languages. This emphasis on the national languages was carried into the educational field. In the 1930s many central schools were established in the Sinhalese rural areas with Sinhalese as the medium of instruction. In October 1945 the state council resolved to introduce “free education” and accepted, in principle that education should be in one’s mother tongue. In May 1944, a resolution moved by J.R. Jayewardene was passed in the state council that Sinhalese and Tamil should be the official languages. This was followed up by S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike, who on 20 September 1945 proposed that steps should be taken to effect the transition from English to Sinhalese and Tamil. A select committee of the state council made its report in 1946, entitled “Sinhalese and Tamil as Official Languages” Munidasa Cumaratunga (1887-1944) In place of the earlier slogan, “Country, Race, Religion”, substituted a new slogan in a new trinity: “Basa, Rasa, Desa” (“Language, Nation, Country”). He was a member of Bandaranaike’s Sinhala Maha Saba, but left and founded his Hela Havula (“The Pure Sinhalese Fraternity”)

After independence, this accepted policy continued until the Sinhalese Buddhist lobby became active in 1953-54. In 1954, a commission on higher education was appointed under the chairmanship of Sir Arthur Wijewardene (a retired Chief Justice). Sinhalese Buddhist propagandists such as L.H. Medananda went about collecting figures of Sinhalese and Tamil students entering the university and presented evidence to the commission that the proportion of Tamil students was considerably greater than their proportion in the population. The commission produced a majority report, written by Sinhalese, recommending that “in the interests of equal opportunity” provision for higher education should be available to at least six Sinhalese students for every one Tamil student. The commission was also pressured by the Sinhalese Buddhist lobby to go beyond its terms of reference and question the desirability of having two official languages. The commission accordingly questioned the need for two official languages. This provoked the governor general, Sir Oliver Goonetilleke, to write to the commission as follows: “You are no doubt aware that it is the accepted policy of the Government that Sinhalese and Tamil should be the official languages of the country, and any examination of this policy would be contrary to the terms of reference.”

For the May 1956 general elections, an electoral front called the Mahajana Eksath Peramuna (MEP) (Peoples’ United Front) was formed between Bandaranaike’s SLFP, Philip Gunawardena’s VLSSP and W. Dahanayake’s newly formed Sinhala Basa Peramuna (Sinhala Language Front). Bandaranaike was the leader of the MEP. MEP election manifesto included “Sinhala only” with ‘ reasonable use of Tamil”, during the campaign Bandaranaike made no mention of the “reasonable use of Tamil”. Bhikkhus formed the Eksath Bhikkhu Peramuna (“United Bhikkhu Front”) with Buddharakita, the High Priest of the famed Kelani Raja Maha Vihare (the greatest of the great temple), as secretary to support the SLFP for “Sinhala only”.

The Bhikkhu Front presented a ten point program to Bandaranaike at a massive rally in Colombo. The program called for an SLFP government to be elected to practice non violence, oppose injustice, implement the Buddhist Commission Report, make Sinhala the only official language, defend democracy against fascism and communism and acts of UNP government, give Buddhism its rightful place, promote ayurvedic (indigenous) medicine and withhold state assistance from institutions not promoting communal harmony or peace and equality among peoples. During the election campaign MEP polled 39.5% of the votes and won 51 of the 95 seats and so formed the government. The first important legislative act of the new government concerned is “Sinhala only” promise on which it had campaigned and got elected. On 5 June 1956, Prime Minister Bandaranaike introduced in the House of Representatives a bill to make the Sinhala language the only official language of Sri Lanka. From the day the bill was introduced to the day it was passed, the precincts and approaches to the House were barricaded and armed police and army personnel stood guard outside. The galleries were closed to the public. It was a short bill, with just three clauses, but it gave rise to the longest debate in the annals of Sri Lanka’s legislature. The bill was supported by the MEP and the UNP and opposed by the LSSP, CP, FP and TC. The “Sinhala only” bill was passed entirely by the MEP and UNP Sinhalese MPs.

Question 8: Who decided that the people’s language is only Sinhala when in state council a resolution was passed Sinhala and Tamil as official language?

December 1957, a bill in parliament to put the Sinhalese letters “SRI” (i.e. the prefix “Sri” in “Sri Lanka”) in place of the English letters that had hitherto been used on motor vehicle number plates. According to the Motor Traffic Act, the use of any unauthorized letters was an offence liable to punishment. Accordingly, when the Tamil letters “SRI” was used several FP MPs, including Chelvanayagam, were prosecuted in the courts. Chelvanayagam was convicted and served a sentence of two weeks imprisonment at Batticaloa jail. Thereafter the Tamils defied the law prescribing the Sinhala letters “SRI” and used the Tamil equivalent on their motor vehicles The Buddhist Bhikkhus retaliated by leading a campaign to deface Tamil writings on the name boards in government buildings in Colombo and throughout the Sinhalese areas. They also incited the ordinary Sinhalese people against the Tamils. There were sporadic acts of violence against the Tamils in Colombo and other suburban areas. Tamil owned shops were looted and Tamil homes stoned.

Towards the end of May 1958, the Federal Party held its annual convention at Vavuniya, in the Northern Province, and resolved to “launch direct action by non violent Satyagraha as the ‘Banda Chelva Pact’ had been abandoned”. Tamil FP supporters from Batticaloa district, returning by train after the convention, were stopped at Polonnaruwa railway junction and assaulted. Some were knifed and killed. Violence against the small number of Tamils in Polonnaruwa became the order of the day. On 25 May 1958, a Jaffna bound train from Colombo was derailed near Polonnaruwa and Tamil passengers were beaten and their baggage stolen. On the same day, one Senaratne, a Sinhalese ex Mayor of Nuwara-Eliya, was shot dead at Kalawanchikudi, in Batticaloa district, as a result of personal rivalry. This was announced over the radio several times to show that a Sinhalese had been killed by Tamils.

Sinhalese mobs went on the rampage, stopping trains and buses, dragging out Tamil passengers and butchering them. Houses were burnt with people inside, and there occurred widespread looting in all areas where Sinhalese and Tamils lived together. Tamil women were raped and pregnant women slaughtered. A Hindu priest performing pooja ceremonies at Kandasamy temple at Panandura, near Colombo, was dragged away and burnt alive. After two days of rioting, on the 27 May, the Indian High Commissioner to Sri Lanka contacted Prime Minister Bandaranaike and asked him to declare a state of emergency. But Bandaranaike vacillated. During the next two days the rioting intensified. Hundreds of people were killed, homes burnt and shops looted. The police stood by, not know how to control the Sinhalese mobs. Even then Bandaranaike did not want to proclaim an emergency. On the fourth day of rioting, instead of waiting for the prime minister’s advice, the Governor General, Sir Oliver Goonetilleke, with the consent of the prime minister (and therefore technically on “advice”), proclaimed an emergences called in the army and restored order. Before order was restored, however several hundreds of Tamil people had lost their lives and thousands their homes. About 150 Tamils, including the 10 FP MPs, were arrested and detained About 10,000 Tamil people assembled as refugees in Colombo refugee camps, set up by the government, and were sent to Jaffna by commandeered cargo ships berthed in the Colombo harbor. A de facto division of the country and the people, into the Sinhalese south and the Tamil north, had taken place. Sinhalese and the Tamils reached the parting of the ways. But Tamil political leaders were confined in detention until September; hence there was no leadership to decide whether May 1958 represented the parting of the ways.

Question 9: Who created the de-facto division, violence against the un-armed, violence against the democratically elected leaders in the first place? Who first slaughtered the un-armed eastern Tamils?

In 1959, internal fissures within the MEP government led to a “cabinet strike” when 10 rightwing ministers demanded that Bandaranaike expel Philip Gunawardena from the cabinet. Bandaranaike duly sacked Gunawardena from the MEP government in May 1959. At this, the LSSP and CP withdrew their “critical support” and moved into open confrontation with Bandaranaike’s government. The CP’s statement on that occasion said: “Now that the right wing has taken command of the Government and set a course that can only lead to an increasing repudiation of the progressive policies of 1956, the CP will not extend to such a Government the critical support it gave the MEP Government in the past.”

In this deteriorating situation, on 25 September 1959 a Bhikkhu named Somarama shot and killed Bandaranaike on the veranda of his residence when he was paying obeisance to the visiting monk. This resulted in Bhikkhus being chased and stoned on the streets, and for a time they confined themselves to their monasteries. Involved in the conspiracy to murder Bandaranaike were Buddharakita, the Kelani temple high priest and secretary of the Eksath Bhikkhu Peramuna, and another. At the trial, the former was convicted of murder and the latter of conspiracy to murder. The assassination of Bandaranaike was not a simple act carried out by a murderous Bhikkhu, at the instigation of Buddharakita. It had wider political ramifications. During the trial two ministers, Stanley de Zoysa and Mrs. Wimala Wijewardene, and a number of others were mentioned as possible accomplices. Bandaranaike’s murder was the culmination of a running struggle by extreme right-wing reactionaries and Sinhala-Buddhist chauvinists against his eclectic middle-of-the-road policies and his lack of resolve to stand up against the Marxist politicians and their trade-union agitators.

Question 10: Who committed the first assassination of any kind in the history of Srilanka?

Since I have limited time with my professional activities, I would like to halt my questions at the 60’s. I hope the history after 60’s will be much fluent to you than me as you were in the Journalism field. Let me ask you about few other relevant matters as you may be able to provide answers.

What sins the seven Tamil youths committed for attending a Tamil conference to be slaughtered by the state arm when violence was not the language they spoke? Have any Sinhala thug who committed the violence in 1958, 1977 or 1983 been prosecuted? What has happen to the child soldiers who were slaughtered in Bindunuwara camp? Is Justice System in Srilanka blind? I may suggest you to look what Dr. Devanesan Nesiah wrote titled “What is terrorism, and who is a terrorist?” on January 31, 2006 in Daily Mirror.

I have been a victim of both state terrorism and separatist terror activities and I survived. However, if LTTE is not strong enough to create a bulwark, there would have been many island wide pogroms after 1983, besides all the selective massacres by its armed forces and I wouldn’t be here to write this. There is no justification for violence of any kind but history tells me that state sponsored massacres created the vicious cycle of massacres as you may check the dates.

There is no question that LTTE is committing, committed and will commit grave violation of human rights. Does it mean the state has every right to create more homelessness in the name of war for peace? What have you, your WAPS, or the Government of Srilanka tabled so far to justify that they are talking peace? At the least, LTTE has tabled an Interim Self Governing Authority? How can anyone claim that this is a stepping stone for separation without even discussing or the least countering with a proposal acceptable to the majority Tamil speaking people? Is it an excuse not to find any meaningful solution in the name of LTTE terrorism or simply fox is crying for goat is in the rain? What have you done to the Tamil speaking people in the Island to isolate them from LTTE if you are so worried about their terror tactics and the Sun God? [TamilWeek, Mar 26, 2006]

[The writer is a full time medical practitioner in USA. He had been a victim of state and separatist violence and currently a medical NGO activist in the welfare of Northeastern war affected people.]

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14 Comments

  1. Will the mere representation of tamil minority on the national flag uphold the human dignity or rights of tamil? or hundreds of thousand tamils living in harmony in and around colombo (mainly wellawatte)with sinhalalese going about their livelihood for centuries testamony to upholding human dignity and rights of tamils?

    Am I to believe that historical religious and communal violence have led to a situation where there is places of worship of any muslim or christian or hindu in Sri Lanka? or Presence of thousands of Churches, Kovils and mosques in Sri Lanka a veritable evidence that people of every religious and ethnicity enjoy their human rights?

    Is it the federal or unitary or what ever model of government that brings dignity to a human or sustainable livelihood, religious harmony, brotherhood (of sinhalese, Tamils, Muslims and whoever) that make a better place for every human being?

    Can a nationhood bring peace, feed people or protect dignity to community given what we see in world today? or Values such as compassion, flexibility, ability to adapt with changing world, integrating with other community ( as done by many when in foreign soil ), non violence ( even under oppression) that lead to humanity?

    Will boycotting elections whether done in the past or present or for this reason or that reason lead to upholding his or hers participation in the democratic process? or demonstrate one’s inability to decipher the challenges of democracy?

    In the current globalisation, markets and knowledge economies, can one practice his own language or should he integrate with the language spoken by many while keeping to his own? Yet there are two official languages in Sri Lanka with english used as a link language now so what is the point of keeping historical grudges? and when I visit North & East I find difficult to exist as I don’t speak Tamil but if I am to stay in North and East on the long-term isn’t it my responsibility to learn Tamil and integrate with the locals (as done by many when foreign soil)?

    Assassination/human slaughter done in the past or present or future and by this community or that community are acts violence and should be condemn as crime against humanity but does not give right to another do the same against a fellow human being?

    Finally, what I need to convey is that all of us, whether one is a doctor, philospher or lawyer or what ever, need to spread the word of love and compassion towards all living being and the nature. Nature has given us so much and no one should be dependent on any government or section of people to one’s own sustenance. If one spent all the monies and resources used in the war by now every one could have a better life.

  2. The Sinhalese do not owe the Tamils anything.

    Prior to Independence, Chelvanayagam – who was not even born in Sri Lanka – was trying to seek a separate state at the instigation of the Jaffna Tamils. Was that movement supposed to instil confidence in the Sinhalese? The Jaffna Tamils were only interested in maintaining their privileged position under the colonials. They couldn’t stand the idea of losing their monopoly and so they decided to try and go down the path of secession.

    If you want to rattle on about “atrocities” committed on the Tamils by the Sinhalese in the past, then lets go back thousands of years and talk about all those Tamils who invaded Sri Lanka, massacred the Sinhalese, stole Sinhalese land, destroyed Buddhist temples, killed Buddhist monks and nuns and built Hindu temples out of the destroyed remains of Buddhist temples. How many thousands of Sinhalese were killed and chased out of their homes by these Tamil invaders in the past? Are you going to take responsibility for all of that?

    It was the Tamils who started in all, not the Sinhalese. Examine the history of your own community before pointing fingers at others.

    And who might I asked ethnically cleansed the Northern Province of Muslims? Tamils again.

    This murderous tradition of some section of the Tamils is still continuing today.

    Please don’t except the Sinhalese to dig you out of the hole you dug up for yourselves.

  3. The Sri Lanka is a welfare country depend on foreign blood money or Tamils’ blood money. It is one of the politically corrupted country in the world.

    Since 1948, every five years, they stole Tamils’ property and survive.
    No one believe, the Sri Lanka leave from Tamil Elam. 100,000 Sri Lankan soldiers occupy in Tamil Elam to feed their Sri Lankan family by steeling Tamils’ property. They would like to have the war, so they can steel more stuff, money, jewelry, household item. In addition, they arrest innocent Tamils and get bribe from relative and release them. This is the big business for Sri Lankan community.

    The world community should support the Tamils to expel Sri Lankan. All Tamil women should be provided to protect them from raping by Sri Lankan forces.

    All Tamils live outside the Sri Lanka have the obligation to bring the truth and get the support to expel Sri Lankan from Tamil Eelam.

  4. Steve,
    Why don’t you leave US of A and go and live in your racist Tamil Ealam Cukoo land? No one wants to live there. If given a chance everyone will run away from barbed wires of TamilEalam Concentration camp run by Hitler Prabhakaran and Gang of Nazis. jaffna people are happy Sri lankan army there. Otherwise they have to pay double tax to the “Gang”. Ask any thousands of tamils living happyli among Sinhalese in Colombo to go and live in Tamil Ealam? They will kick you back to USA. That is the TRUTH.

  5. It is stupidity that many of the Sinhalese and others are not aware the last king of the Kandyan Kingdom (or the last king in Sri Lanka, who was captured by British) is Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe II and he is not a Sinhalese but a Tamil. He even signed the last document in Tamil as Kananpan Rajasingan. So all the Tamils should support the national flag as of their own, as the Sri Lankan flag represents a Tamil King’s flag.

    For eg more infor on : http://www.tamilcanadian.com/eelam/50years/kandy_kingdom.html

    And list of Kandyan Kings (most of them are Tamil)
    http://www.info.lk/srilanka/srilankahistory/srilankakings/index.htm

  6. Hi original History,
    Yes we know our Last king is tamil. We read history books. That tamil Racist Sinahalaya Modaya view can only useful to fool tamils in Diaspora. What you don’t understand is we moderate Sinhalese do not mind, Tamil king, Tamil President or Tamil Prime minister. We would have loved kadirgamer to lead us. LTTE knowing that killed him. That would have proved to the world we are not Racist. We are moderate thinking people. We are sorry for some of nationalist thugs work in 1956, 1977 and 1983. But more Tamils were killed by LTTE than Sinhala Thugs or Army. It is a fact. So wake up to the reality. You will not defeat us nor you will get Tamil Ealam. We willnot allow mono ethnic Facist state in our doorstep.

  7. I am attaching a few newspaper clippings of the 1983 communal riots orchestrated and instigated by the Sinhala ruling class and excecuted by common thugs.

    The violence was vicious and bloody. But what distinguished it from many other communal Asian riots was the way that the mob singled out specific business premises. In street after street in Colombo groups of rioters hit only at shops and factories, as well as homes owned by Tamils. Their careful selectivity is apprarent now. In each street individual business premises were burnt down while others alongside stand unscathed. Troops and police (almost exclusively Sinhalese) either joined the rioters or stood idly by.The events were so well organised no one doubts that there was a master list of targets.”
    -Financial Times, 12 August 1983

    A 28 year old housewife, who returned from a Sri Lanka holiday with her husband and two daughters said the huts Tamils lived had been ‘cleanly burned out’, the arsonists evidently being anxious to ensure that no Sinhalese property was damaged.
    -Hindu, 29 July 1983

    The rioters seeking out Tamil homes and burning them had a particularly detailed knowledge of who lived where and who owned what.
    -London Times, 8 August 1983

    Motorists were dragged from their cars to be stoned and beaten with sticks… Others were cut down with knives and axes.
    -London Daily Telegraph 26 July 1983

    Mobs of Sinhala youth rampaged through the streets, ransacking homes, shops and offices, looting them and setting them ablaze, as they sought out members of the Tamil ethnic minority.
    – London Daily Telegraph 26 July 1983

    In Pettah, the old commercial heart of the city, row after row of sari boutiques, electronic dealers, rice sellers, car parts stores, lie shattered and scarred… Government officials yesterday estimated 20,000 businesses had been attacked in the city
    -London Guardian 28 July 1983

    This sodid saga of Tamil anhilation continues to this day with almost 100 tamils killed or disappeared in January and December according to human rights organizations due to military retaliation against attacks on them. This is not the case of a few nationalist thugs going on the rambage, but a well palnned operation to subjucate and brutally oppress the Tamils whose only fault was to fights for equal rights.

    The GOSL agreed in Geneva to make sure that only GOSL security forces will be carrying arms in government controlled areas. There are daily stories if paramilitary operatives terrorizing the Tamil public and attacking the LTTE with the active support of the security forces.

    I know I am in the majority when I sayy that it would take the sinking of a few more Doveras to force the Sinhalease government to negotiate in good faith and keep its promises

  8. LTTE TAMIL TIGER ATROCITIES

    This document contains some photographs of poor innocent children, women and men brutally massacred by the LTTE Tamil Tiger terrorists.
    Warning: The photographs may offend the sensibilities of some readers.

    ——————————————————————————–

    Record of LTTE Tamil Tiger atrocities through the years

    The youngest child killed by the LTTE during attacks on villages in Mahakalugollawa, Kegalu-Oya and Siyambalanduwa, on November 2, 1995 was a boy of 18 months.

    ——————————————————————————–

    6 July 2002
    Soruwila, Aralagamwila,
    “A group of 25 armed men surrounded the house of LTTE deserter Thiagarasa Premadasa at around 10 pm and hurled a grenade killing Premadasa and a woman in the house,” Police said. “There were no concrete facts to identify the assailants but the villagers said they identified the men as members of the LTTE,” Police added. (Daily News : 8 July 2002).

    29 Oct 2001
    Muttur. Trincomalee
    A six-year-old girl was killed and six civilians injured when LTTE Tamil Tiger terrorists threw four hand grenades at a civilian’s house in a village in Muttur, Trincomalee District, on 29 Oct 2001. The injured were initially admitted to the Muttur hospital for treatment. Due to the serious nature of the injuries, two of them were later transferred to the Trincomalee hospital.

    29 Oct 2001
    Chitra Lane, Narahenpita, Colombo
    Four people were killed when a suicide bomber detonated explosives strapped to his body in an attempted assassination of Sri Lankan Prime Minister Ratnasiri Wickremanayake.
    Sri Lanka PM escapes suicide attack (Times of India : 30 Oct 2001)
    Flesh and blood on cannon-ball tree after Sri Lanka suicide blast (123IndiaCom : 29 Oct 2001)
    Colombo blast: ‘PM may have been target’ (Hindu NUS : 29 Oct 2001)
    Suicide bomber strikes in Colombo, four killed (Hindu NUS : 29 Oct 2001)
    Chronology of Sri Lankan suicide bomb attacks (123IndiaCom : 29 Oct 2001)
    Sri Lanka PM escapes suicide assassination that kills four (123IndiaCom : 29 Oct 2001)
    P.M. may have been target of S.Lanka campaign blast (MSNBC/Reuters : 29 Oct 2001)
    Blast rocks Sri Lanka capital (BBC News : 29 Oct 2001)
    Suicide bomber sets off explosion in Colombo (Times Of India : 29 Oct 2001)
    Bomber targets Premier? (Lanka Academic : 29 Oct 2001)
    Sri Lanka PM escapes assassination as suicide blast kills three (123India.com : 29 Oct 2001)
    Three killed in Sri Lanka suicide blast (123India.com : 29 Oct 2001)
    24 Oct 2001
    Veheragama village, northeast of Ampara
    A group of LTTE Tamil Tiger Terrorists stormed a family of four including a home guard at Veheragama village, northeast of Ampara town, 24 Oct 2001at 8.50 PM. The deceased home guard, his wife, father and a relative were inside the house, watching TV at the time of the massacre. These civilians were shot dead at close range. The Tigers then fled the area with some of the family’s belongings. Another resident at the home who was seriously injured was rushed to Ampara Hospital by security personnel who visited the scene immediately after the tragedy.

    22 October 2001
    Sapinagar, Muttur
    A teenager, Ali Ratnam (16) of Kadija Nagar, Muttur received minor injuries due to the explosion of a 40 mm grenade launcher bomb of LTTE Tamil Tiger Terrorists on 21 Sunday around 4.25 p.m. The victim is said to have found the bomb in a paddy field in the general area of Sapinagar, about 3 kms, South of Muttur.

    16 October 2001
    Menikdeniya
    Tamil Tiger rebels shot to death and two civilians, wounded one civilian (and also three soldiers) in a northeastern village. Eight rebels attacked Menikdeniya, 190 km northeast of the capital, Colombo. The LTTE Terrorists then shot dead three soldiers who arrived at the village after hearing the earlier gunshots.

    16 October 2001
    Ruwanpitiya, Welikanda in Polonnaruwa
    Three soldiers and two police constables were killed and three civilians were injured when Tiger terrorists attacked army and police post at Ruwanpitiya, Welikanda in Polonnaruwa district yesterday (17) morning, army sources said. The injured civilians have been admitted to Polonnaruwa hospital. When the army and the police retaliated the Tiger terrorists fled. The casualties among the Tigers in this attack were not known.(Read full)

    12 October 2001
    Kebitigollewa-Padaviya road
    Two civilian officers attached to the Irrigation Department were killed when the LTTE triggered off twin claymore mines on a double cab belonging to the Irrigation Department at Bellankadawala on the Kebitigollewa-Padaviya road around 9.40 am on 12 Oct 2001. The driver of the double cab, R.M. Jayasinghe and technical assistant Hettiarachchi who were injured in the claymore mine attack were rushed to the Kebitigollewa hospital and later succumbed to their injuries.

    14 December 2000
    A powerful blast rocked an eastern Sri Lankan town Thursday, killing two civilians and three policemen as students were sitting a national examination in the area. The explosion, near a government school in the town of Eravur, occured as students were taking the General Certificate of Education (GCE) ordinary level examination.

    10 July 2000
    Valigamvehera, Trincomallee
    Four villagers were killed and a Budduhist Monk received injuries when terrorists fired mortars at the Vilgamvehera detachment in Trincomalee.

    Tamil Tigers attack another Buddhist Temple
    Tamil rebels attacked Valigamvehera Buddhist temple in northeast Sri Lanka. A Buddhist priest received injuries and four civilians were killed due to the terrorist mortar fire.

    Four villagers killed, a bhikkhu injured in terrorist mortar fire (Daily News : 12 July 2000)
    Priest and 4 civilians killed in terrorist fire (Island : 12 July 2000)
    Tigers attack Sri Lanka village as heavy fighting erupts (123India : 11 July 2000)
    Tamil rebels attack temple in northeast Sri Lanka (ABC News : 11 July 2000)

    17 May 2000 (Wesak Day)
    Mangalaramaya Vihara in Batticaloa
    LTTE bombs Buddihst Wesak Festival – More than 29 (25 civilians and four security personnel) were killed and another 78 ( among the 78 injured 54 were Tamil civilians) wounded when a powerful bomb of LTTE ripped through a crowd of people attending a Buddhist celebration (Wesak marking the birth, enlightenment and the passing away of the Lord Buddha) in a Mangalaramaya Vihara (Buddhist temple) in Batticaloa (eastern Sri Lanka).

    09 school children among the 23 killed in LTTE bomb attack outside Temple in Vesak day (SL Govt PRI Unit : 19 May 2000)
    Govt condemns LTTE bomb attack on civilians on Vesak Day (SL Govt PRI Unit : 19 May 2000)
    Sri Lanka Buddhist festival blast toll reaches 29 (Yahoo! Asia News : 18 May 2000)
    16 civilians, six Security Forces, police personnel killed in Vesak day LTTE bomb attack (Daily News : 19 May 2000)
    22 killed in LTTE blast in Batticaloa (Island : 19 May 2000)

    10 February 2000
    Hali-Ela in Badulla (2 Bombs)
    Security forces defused two powerful bombs primed to explode near a crowded Badulla-Colombo passenger train. The explosive devices had been placed near the railway track in the picturesque tea-growing region of Hali-Ela in Badulla district. “The bombs had been designed to go off at the time the Badulla-Colombo train was passing the area,” but failed to explode
    Sri Lankan Armymen defuse bomb targeting train (Hindu NUS : 10 Feb 2000)
    Bus bombs fail to provoke backlash (SL Govt PRI Unit : 10 February 2000)
    Bomb attack on train foiled (BBC News : 10 Feb 2000)
    8 February 2000
    Pettah (in Colombo) and Wattala (2 Bombs)
    Three people were killed and at least 47 injured, six seriously, when bombs exploded in two buses.

    Pettah Bus Bomb Blast : Key LTTE Suspect Taken in at Padukka (Reality of Lanka : 15 Feb 2000)
    At Least 13 Die As Sri Lanka Rebels Attack Bus (Yahoo News : 15 Feb 2000)
    Sri Lanka toll hits 21 as Norwegian FM leaves on peace mission (Yahoo News : 15 Feb 2000)
    Pettah bus bomb blast: Key Tiger suspect arrested (SL Govt PRI Unit : 15 February 2000)
    SPUR Media Release, 9 February 2000, MURDER OF THE INNOCENTS CONTINUE, BUT THE WORLD IS DEAF & DUMB – 2 MORE BUS BOMBS KILL CIVILIANS IN SRI LANKA – TAMIL TIGER TERRORISTS CARRY ON THEIR SPATE OF ATTACKS ON INNOCENTS WHILE THE WORLD CALLS FOR “PEACE TALKS” . 9 BUS BOMBS IN JUST AS MANY DAYS!
    Sri Lankan bus bombs kill three, injure 47 (ABC News : 9 Feb 2000)
    Sri Lankan bus bombs kill three, injure 47 (CNN News : 9 Feb 2000)
    Three killed as Tigers target buses again (SL Govt PRI Unit : 9 February 2000)
    Three killed in Colombo blasts (BBC News : 9 Feb 2000)
    Two killed in two bus blasts (Midweek Mirror : 9 Feb 2000)
    38 injured in Sri Lanka blasts (Hindu : 9 Feb 2000)
    Explosions kill two, injure 31 in Sri Lanka (Boston Globe : 9 Feb 2000)

    6 February 2000
    Bibile and Medagama in Monaragala District (2 Bombs)
    Thirty-five persons were injured when two time bombs exploded in two cluster company buses at Bibile and Medagama.

    One bomb went off in a bus parked at the Bibile depot at 8.20 am injuring 15 persons and the other at Medagama in a bus plying from Moneragala to Bibile at 9.20 am.
    Two more bombs explode in buses (Island : 8 Feb 2000)
    Explosion in Lankan buses, 51 wounded, army kills 7 rebels (Indian Express : 8 Feb 2000)
    35 injured in bus bomb blasts (Daily News : 8 Feb 2000)
    Two explosions in Sri Lanka leave 51 hurt (Hindustan Times : 8 Feb 2000)
    31 hurt in blasts, UNP headed for split (Times of India : 8 Feb 2000)
    Sri Lanka Bus Bombs Wound 51 (Washington Post : 7 Feb 2000)
    At least 35 injured in two Sri Lanka blasts (CNN News : 7 Feb 2000)
    31 injured in twin bomb blasts in Sri Lanka (Hindu NUS : 7 Jan 2000)
    Sri Lanka bus blasts (BBC : 7 Feb 2000)
    31 injured in twin bomb blasts in buses in Sri Lanka (Indian Express : 7 Feb 2000)
    Bus bomb injures at least 45 in Badulla (SL Govt PRI Unit : 7 February 2000)
    Sri Lankan Buses Bombed, One Person Killed (ABC News : 7 Feb 2000)
    Sri Lanka bus blasts (BBC : 6 Feb 2000)
    3 February 2000
    Dematogoda, Banduragala (in Kurunegala) and Kadawata (3 Bombs)
    Seven people are dead, another six critically wounded and more than hundred others are injured in three separate bus bomb attacks carried out on civilians by the Tamil Tiger terrorists.

    Related News Items :

    Three rebels behind bomb blasts in Colombo buses held (Indian Express : 11 Feb 2000)
    SPUR Media Release – THREE BUS BOMB ATTACKS ON CIVILIANS IN SRI LANKA – TAMIL TIGERS INDEPENDENCE DAY RESPONSE TO NEGOTIATIONS WITH THE MEDIATION OF THE NORWEGIAN AGENTS (SPUR : 5 February 2000)
    34 injured in three explosions (Daily News : 4 Feb 2000)
    3 bomb blasts rock Sri Lanka (Hindu : 4 Feb 2000)
    Sri Lanka Bus Bombs Wound 32 (Exite News : 3 Feb 2000)
    Bombs explode in three buses in Sri Lanka, wounding 32 (ABC News : 3 Feb 2000)
    Another bus bomb blast in Sri Lankan capital (ABC News : 3 Feb 2000)
    Two bus bombs in Sri Lanka (BBC : 3 Feb 2000)
    Dematagoda bus bomb latest in escalating civilian attacks (SL Govt PRI Unit : 3 February 2000)
    Bomb blast in Colombo, 3 injured (Hindu NUS : 3 Feb 2000)
    Bomb explodes in passenger bus, several wounded (Indian Express : 3 Feb 2000)
    31 January 2000
    Gal-Oya railway station (1 Bomb)
    One person was killed when a parcel bomb kept on the footboard of the Polonnaruwa – Colombo night mail train exploded at the Galoya Railway station.
    Passenger killed when trying to remove train bomb (Daily News : 1 Feb 2000)
    30 January 2000
    Polgahawela (1 Bomb)
    A parcel bomb exploded in Kurunagala – Alawwa private bus last afternoon, injuring 20 passengers.
    The explosion occurred around 2.30 p.m. at Alawwa junction, Polgawella, when the bus stopped to pick up more passengers. Eyewitnesses believe that the bomb was in an unattended parcel, which had been kept under the back seat. Ten of the injured passengers were admitted to the Kurunaegala Hospital and eight were warded at the Polgawella hospital. Two others with minor injuries were discharged after treatment.
    Bus explosion – 23 suspects arrested (Island : 1 Feb 2000)
    Bus bomb injures 20 at Polgahawela (Daily News : 31 Jan 2000)
    Bus bomb injures 20 at Polgahawela (SL Govt PRI Unit : 31 Jan 2000)
    18 September 1999
    Gonagala, Ampare
    LTTE Tamil Tiger Terrorists struck at three villages of Kalpengala and Bedirekka of Ampara District, at about 4 a.m on 18 September 1999. According to the information received upto now 31 males, 15 females, 2 pregnant mothers and 14 children have been hacked to death. In addition these LTTE Tamil terrorists have looted the belongings of these innocent poor people. They were butchered by armed LTTE ultras. The victims were dragged from their sleep and hacked and chopped to death using machetes and swords. Those who tried to seek refuge in the nearby dense jungles were chased and killed.
    Please Click here for detauls

    19 Oct 1998
    Karathivu, Batticaloa
    Two civilians were killed and 22 injured when a hand granade was hurled during a musical show.

    20 Aug 1998
    Samanthurai, Batticaloa
    One civilian was killed and 2 injured when terrorists fired at a transformer

    17 Aug 1998
    Batticaloa Town
    Two policemen and 11 civilians were injured when a bomb exploded near a bank, damaging the bank building, one van and two motor cycles.

    10 Aug 1998
    Jayanthipura, Welioya.
    One civilian was killed by terrorists

    08.08.98
    Hatton
    2 injured and damagedthe train engine

    4 Aug 1998
    Badulu Junction, Batticaloa
    Two civilians were killed when terrorists fired while they were farming.

    24 July 1998
    Kandaladi, Batticaloa
    An elderly civilian was killed by a LTTe terrorist.

    18 July 1998
    Mangalagama & Nuwaragaltenna, Ampara
    2 civilians were killed and one injured when terrorists fired at a group of civilians.

    18 Juy 1998
    Navallady, Batticaloa
    One civilian was killed by gunmen in the area.

    11 July 1998
    Nugalanda, ampara
    One civilian was shot dead by terrorists in the area.

    20 June 1998
    Uhana, Ampara
    2 Home-Guards and 3 civilians were killed in a terrorists ambush

    20 May 1998
    Puwarasanthivu, Trincomalee
    Two civilians were killed when terrorists fired mortars on the village.

    16.05.98
    Jaffna
    Jaffna Mayoress assassinated, few injured

    02.05.98
    Kodikamam, Chavakachcheri
    1 civilian killed, 4 injured

    12.04.98
    Jaffna
    1 killed, 15 injured

    7 April 1998
    Off Baticaloa
    One civilian was killed by terrorists while fishing.
    17.03.98
    Jaffna
    1 child kidnapped

    9 March 1998 Eravur, Batticaloa Six civilians and one policeman were killed while 26 civilians, 6 policeman and four soldiers were injured, when terrorists set off a clymore mine.

    6 March 1998 Talvai, Batticaloa Terrorists attacked a family, killing 2 and wounding 2 members.

    05.03.98 Colombo 40 killed including 2 children, 270 injured

    26 Feb 1998

    Kadawatmaduwa

    One Home Guard and 3 soldiers were killed, while another Home Guard and 3 civilians were wounded, when a group of terrorists attacked civilians while harvesting.

    23.02.98
    Galkanda
    5 civilians were kidnapped

    19 Feb 1998
    Sittandy, Batticaloa
    One cicvilian was killed by terrorists a month after being abducted by them.

    24.01. 98
    Kandy
    14 civilians killed, 15 injured

    13.11.97
    Jaffna
    2 civilian killed

    2 Nov 1997
    Sambaltivu
    One civilian was shot dead by terrorists

    22.10.97
    Jaffna
    1 civilian killed
    20 Oct 1997
    Thuraineelavanei, Ampara
    A civilian was shot dead by terrorists in the village
    17 Oct 1997
    Sandiveli, Baticaloa
    Terrorists fired mortars at Sandiveli / Sittandi detachments. One SLA killed and 2 SLA injured. A large number of civilians in the vicinity were affected due to the mortar fire One civilian killed and 14 civilians injured.

    15.10. 97
    Colombo
    13 civilians killed, 94 injured including 33 Forein Nationals

    11 October 1997
    Katuwanvila
    LTTE Tamil Tiger Terrorists abducted and killed 4 civilians whilst they were engaged in fishing.
    24 Aug 1997
    Baticaloa
    Whilst LTTE Tamil Tiger terrorists fired mortars at 233 Brigade, the mortar bombs fired by LTTE have fallen to populated areas (BCO Town/kalladi), 4 civilians were killed and 13 were injured.
    3 Aug 1997
    Palliyagodella
    LTTE Tamil Tiger Terrorists shot dead 5 Sinhalese civilians, who went into the jungle to cut timber.

    2 Aug 1997
    Manikdeniya, Baticaloa
    LTTE Tamil Tiger Terrorists attacked a tractor transporting civilians, killing 3 and injuring one civilian.

    29 July 1997
    Kurulubedde
    LTTE Tamil Tiger Terrorists fired at 2 civilians, who went to jungle for hunting, killing one and injuring the other.

    18.06.97
    Trincomalie
    6 civilians killed, 2 injured

    10.06.97
    Janakapura, Welioya
    1 civilian killed, 1 injured
    6 June 1997
    Palaiyuttu, Trincomalee
    LTTE Tamil Tiger Terrorists in ambush fired at an Ambulance, which was moving from Trincomalee hospital to Kantalai. One civilian was killed and 2 civilians injured.
    22.05.97
    Ahatugaswewa Welioya
    A child killed, 3 injured

    14 May 1997

    Vembuadi, Valachchenai

    Terrorists fired mortars at the village killing 1 civilian and injuring 2 others

    15.03.97

    Kilinochchi
    2 civilians killed, 13 injured

    20 Feb 1997
    Kandegama
    LTTE Terrorists fired at 2 sinhalese civilians. One civilian was killed and the other injured.

    14 Feb 1997
    Meeravodai, Baticaloa
    LTTE Terrorists fired five rounds of Mortars at Meeraodai village injuring 12 civilians

    2 Feb 1997
    Sittandi, Baticaloa
    LTTE Tamil Tiger Terrorists fired motars at Sittandi detachment. Due to the fire, 3 civilians killed and 11 civilians were injured at Chenkaad and 2 civilians were injured at Mavadivembu.

    01 Feb 1997
    Palliyagodella
    Terrorists attacked 7 civilians and a home guard, who were at the paddy fields. One civilian was killed and other escaped.

    01.02.97
    Polonnaruwa
    1 civilian killed

    29.01.97
    Vaddukoddkai West, Jaffna
    9 civilians killed, 6 injured, 1 soldier killed, 1 injured
    29.12.96
    Polonnaruwa
    1 civilian killed

    09.11.96
    Jaffna Town
    1 killed, 11 injured

    27.10.96
    Polonnaruwa
    3 killed, 1 injured

    12.09.96
    Ampara
    11 killed, 31 injured

    24.07.96
    Dehiwala
    63 civilians killed, 366 injured
    11.06.1996
    Eluwankulam, Puttalam
    A group of LTTE Tamil Tiger terrorists attacked a village and killed 14 civilians (including three children).
    Eight members of the same family were among the 14 civilians, including women and children who were hacked to death by over 200 tigers who stormed a Sinhala village 16 miles off Puttalam on Monday midnight. The Tigers also burnt down several houses. The picture shows some of the charred bodies and a house torched by the Tigers.

    22.02.1996
    Mahanikawewa, Kebetigollawa
    A large group of LTTE Tamil Tiger terrorists attacked the village, killing seven civilians. Army and Police repulsed the attack;

    31.01.96
    Colombo
    86 civilians dead, 1338 injured, several buildings damaged

    November 1995
    Kotiyagala;
    Nineteen (19)Member of the majority Sinhalese community were
    hacked to death:

    02.11.1995
    Mahakalugollawa, Kegalu Oya, Siyambalanduwa, Moneragala
    Terrorists entered the village and hacked to death five children aged of one-and-half years, two and-a-half year, 13 years and 15 years. They also set fire to two huts, where the children were living;

    26.10.1995
    Tammannawa, Herath Hammillewa, Thalgahawewa
    Terrorists attacked the villages and killed 26 civilians and injuring 27 others;

    25.10.95
    Ampara
    12 civilians killed

    23.10.1995
    Athimale, Kotiyagala, Moneragala
    Terrorists attacked the villages and killed 19 civilians (seven males, eight females and four children);

    21.10.1995
    Monaratenna, Bowatta, Polonnaruwa
    Terrorists attacked troops in the area. Simultaneously, another two groups of armed terrorists attacked the villages, killing 36 civilians (nine males, 16 females and 11 children) and injured 12 civilians (one male, seven females and four children);

    21.10.1995
    North Padaviya, Galtalawa village, Weli Oya
    A group of armed terrorists entered the area and attacked the village, killing 19 civilians;
    21.10.1995
    Mangalagama, Ampara
    A group of armed terrorists had entered the village and attacked the villagers, killing 16 civilians and injuring five;
    25.05.1995
    Kallarawa village, Trincomalee
    errorists attacked this fishing village and hacked and shot to death 42 civilians (22 males, 12 females and eight civilians);
    15.10.1992
    Palliyagodella, Ahamedpura and Agbopura, Pamburana, and Polonnaruwa
    About 200-300 armed terrorists attacked Muslim villages and shot and hacked to death 172 civilians (171 of them Muslims), 12 policemen and eight soldiers. Eighty three others were injured.
    29.04.1992
    Alinchipotana, Polonnaruwa
    Terrorists attacked Alinchipotana, killing 56 Muslims and injuring 15 others;
    19.09.1991
    Palliyagodella, Polonnaruwa
    Terrorists attacked a Muslim village, killing 13 Muslims and injuring six others.
    06.07.1991
    Puttur, Polonnaruwa
    About 20-30 terrorists carrying arms had entered the Puttur Muslim Village, forced open the co-operative stores and robbed canned fish, batteries, flour, dhal and sugar. They then killed nine Muslims and moved towards Mahaweli River Bank and cut to death another eight persons, injuring four others. One of the injured, succumbed to his injuries;
    20.04.1991
    Niyadella, Okkampitiya, Moneragala
    Terrorists attacked the village, hacked and shot to death 21 men, women and children. Two others were injured. Three houses, a car and a MC were set on fire. When the terrorists were fleeing, they killed another villager in the adjacent village;

    14.04.1991
    Ethimalai, Moneragala
    About 15 to 20 terrorists hacked to death 17 Sinhalese villagers and injuring another. The Tigers also set fire to six houses;
    23.01.1991
    Bogamuyaya, Maha Oya
    Armed terrorists hacked to death 25 Sinhalese villagers and injuring nine others. Four injured persons succumbed to their injuries;
    01.11.1990
    Helambawewa, Singhapura, Weli Oya
    Terrorists attacked the village and killed 10 Sinhalese.
    27.10.1990
    Thanthirimalai, Anuradhapura
    Armed terrorists shot dead five Sinhalese villagers of Thanthirimalai settlement;

    23.10.1990
    Thanthirimalai, Anuradhapura
    Armed terrorists killed eight Sinhalese villagers and eight home guards;
    03.09.1990
    Kattankudi Muslim Mosque Massacre

    02.10.1990
    Wahalkada, Padaviya
    Armed terrorists shot dead seven Sinhalese villagers and set fire to 39 houses;

    30.09.1990
    Peraweltalawa, Maha Oya, Ampara
    Terrorists hacked to death nine Sinhalese villagers;
    24.09.1990
    Gajabapura, Weli Oya
    Armed terrorists set fire to five houses and killed four Sinhalese;

    21.09.1990
    Pudukudiyirippu, Ampara
    Terrorists attacked the village, killing 15 and injuring 11;

    19.09.1990
    Vellamundal, Puttalam
    Terrorists killed 23 Sinhalese villagers and set fire to 11 houses at the fishing village;

    26.07.1990
    Thammannaelawaka, Medawachchiya
    Armed terrorists hacked and shot to death 19 Sinhalese villagers and set fire to 30 houses;
    2 June 1987
    Aranthalawe, Ampare
    massacre and the brutal mutilation of 33 young monks and their mentor Chief Priest Ven. Hegoda Indrasara at Arantalawa in
    Amparai, by the ruthless and bloodthirsty henchmen of the LTTE (Click here for Details)

    12.06.1987
    Godapotta, Medirigiriya, Polonnaruwa
    About 175 villagers had discussed about a new temple. Terrorists had surrounded the temple and attacked them, killing eight villagers and a soldier. Six were injured;

    06.10.1987
    Batticaloa
    Armed terrorists shot dead 18 Sinhalese;

    06.10.1987
    Sagarapura, Kuchchuveli, Trincomalee
    Armed terrorists shot dead 27 Sinhalese villagers;

    06.10.1987
    Thalavai, Eravur
    Armed terrorists shot dead 10 Sinhalese villagers;

    15.12.1987
    Devalagodella Somawathiya, Polonnaruwa
    Terrorists had attacked Devalagodella and Somawathiya village, killing nine villagers;

    31.12.1987
    Mahadivulwewa, Trincomalee
    Armed terrorists shot dead 10 villagers and burnt 15 houses;

    02.03.1988
    Morawewa, Trincomalee
    Armed terrorists shot dead 14 Sinhalese villagers;

    14.03.1988
    Kantale, Trincomalee
    Armed terrorists shot dead 13 Sinhalese villagers at Gamletiyawa;

    15.03.1988
    Kivulkade, Trincomalee
    Two groups of terrorists entered the village and killed seven Sinhalese villagers;

    17.03.1988
    Deegavapiya Damana, Ampara
    Terrorists hacked to death 13 Sinhalese villagers;

    22.03.1988
    Paudukulam, Vavuniya
    Ten to 15 armed terrorists had attacked the Sinhalese village and killed six villagers. Another three were injured;

    22.03.1988
    Medawachchikulam, Vavuniya
    Armed terrorists shot dead nine Sinhalese villagers;
    22.03.1988
    Saidnamaradu, Kalmunai
    Terrorists attacked the village, killing 10 Muslims and seven Tamils;

    08.04.1988
    Horowpathana, Meegaswewa, Anuradhapura
    Armed terrorists killed 14 Sinhalese;

    28.07.1988
    Ethawetunuwewa, Weli Oya
    Armed terrorists hacked to death 16 Sinhalese villagers;

    25.08.1988
    Marawila, Polonnaruwa
    Terrorists had killed 11 civilians by cutting their necks;

    10.09.1988
    16th Colony, Central Camp, Ampara
    Armed terrorists shot dead seven Sinhalese and four Tamils;

    09.10.1988
    Mahakongaskada, Medawachchiya
    Armed terrorists shot dead 44 Sinhalese villagers and set fire to 11 houses;

    14.11.1988
    Paniketiyawa, Gomarankadawala, Trincomalee
    Armed terrorists shot dead 28 Sinhalese including five security force personnel;
    02.02.1989
    Bogamuyaya, Maha Oya, Ampara
    Armed terrorists hacked to death 112 Sinhalese villagers;

    11.02.1989
    Dutuwewa, Horowpathana
    Armed terrorists shot dead 34 Sinhalese villagers;

    22.02.1989
    Tract No. 13, Sinhapura, Weli Oya
    Terrorists had attacked Tract No. 13, killing six Sinhalese villagers and injuring seven others;

    27.02.1989
    Borawewa, Polonnaruwa
    Armed terrorists shot dead 37 Sinhalese villagers;

    24.07.1990
    Damminna, Aralanganvila, Polonnaruwa
    Armed terrorists hacked to death eight Sinhalese villagers.

    25.07.1990
    Wan Ela, Trincomalee
    Terrorists hacked to death nine Sinhalese villagers who were cutting firewood;
    LTTE slaughtered 172 Muslims who were praying in a mosque

    Click here for details
    07.08.1990
    Bandaraduwa Uhana, Ampara
    About 40 armed terrorists had gone to a Sinhalese village and killed 30 Sinhalese and injured four;

    11.08.1990
    Division 3 & 6, Eravur
    Terrorists attacked Division 3 & 6, Eravur, killing 116 Muslims and injuring 20 others;

    13.08.1990
    Avarantalawa, Vavuniya
    A Muslim village and adjoining a Sinhalese village, were attacked by terrorists, killing nine Muslims and one Sinhalese. Three others were injured;

    29.05.1987
    Kadawathmaduwa, Polonnaruwa
    Armed terrorists shot dead seven Sinhalese villagers;

    29.05.1987
    Arantalawa, Ampara
    Armed terrorists shot dead 30 bhikkhus and four Sinhalese civilians and injured 15 Bhikkhus.

    20.04.1987
    Jayanthipura, Trincomalee
    Armed terrorists shot dead 15 Sinhalese villagers;

    22.03.1987
    Serunewa, Horowpathana
    Armed terrorists shot dead 26 Sinhalese villagers;

    22.03.1987
    Armed terrorists shot dead 26 Sinhalese villagers;
    07.02.1987
    Arantalawa, Ampara
    Armed terrorists killed 28 Sinhalese villagers by slashing their necks;
    19.07.1986
    Wadigawewa, Medirigiriya, Polonnaruwa:
    Armed terrorists shot dead 12 Sinhalese villagers.

    17.07.1986
    Sugar Corp, Kantalai, Trincomalee
    Some armed terrorists had entered Block No. 4, and shot dead 10 persons. (Seven Sinhalese, two Muslims and one Tamil);

    08.07.1986
    Monkey Bridge, Trincomalee
    Armed terrorists shot dead 15 Sinhalese villagers;

    04.06.1986
    Andankulam, Trincomalee
    Armed terrorists shot dead 17 Sinhalese, including Ven. Bakamune Subaddalankara thera;
    25.05.1986
    Mahadivulwewa, Trincomalee
    Armed terrorists shot dead 20 Sinhalese and set fire to 20 houses;
    07.11.1985
    Namalwatta, Morawewa, Trincomalee
    Armed terrorists shot dead 10 Sinhalese villagers;
    18.08.1985
    Namalwatta, Trincomalee
    Armed terrorists shot dead six Sinhalese villagers;

    14.08.1985
    Arantalawa, Vavuniya
    Armed terrorists shot dead seven Sinhalese and set fire to 40 houses;

    02.08.1985
    Thrikonamadu, Polonnaruwa
    Armed terrorists shot dead three bhikkhus and three civilians at Ruhunu Somavathiya temple;
    11.06.1985
    Dehiwatta, Muttur, Trincomalee
    Thirteen Sinhalese settlers shot dead by armed terrorists;
    30.05.1985
    Mihindupura and Dehiwatta, Muttur, Trincomalee
    Five Sinhalese settlers shot dead by armed terrorists;

    14.05.1985
    Wilpattu, Anuradhapura
    Armed terrorists shot dead 18 Sinhalese in the forest reserve;

    14.05.1985
    Anuradhapura
    Armed terrorists invaded the town and shot dead 120 Sinhalese and injuring 85 others. This includes pilgrims who were inside the Sri Maha Bodhi premises;

    01.12.1984
    Kokilai, Mullaitivu:
    Armed terrorists shot dead 11 Sinhalese settlers;

    30.11.1984
    Kent Farm, Vavuniya
    Armed terrorists shot dead 29 Sinhalese settlers and injured several others;
    30.11.1984
    Dollar Farm, Vavuniya
    Armed terrorists shot dead 33 Sinhalese settlers and injured several others;

    ——————————————————————————–

    Other major massacres by LTTE

    Sri Dalada Maligawa in Kandy (World Heritage Centre)
    Maradana Bomb
    Central Bank, Colombo
    Galadhari Hotel Bomb
    Army Headquarters
    Aluthgama Train Blast
    Bomb Blast in Galle on 28 December 1997
    Slave Island Bomb on 6 February 1998

  9. And add tro that, any more Dvora attacks etc , Sinhelese will not budge. Try more. What will happen is once great Tamil civilisation would take further beatings. Grand Motehr Australia, Grand Father Canada, Children in UK, some in Jail for Credit Card fruad. Families destroyed, some under jackboot of Prabhakaran. Want any more of that? Carry on.

  10. Ceasefire violations in the month of February by the Sri-Lanka state

    1) February 22, 2006 A group of armed Sri-Lanka soldiers hurled a grenade at a house belonging to a Tamil civilian along Jude’s Road in Ward No:01 of Pesalai town in Mannar district Wednesday afternoon 12.45 p.m. The front portion of the house was badly damaged due to the explosion.

    2) February 22, 2006 GOSL security forces in civilian clothes claiming to be belonging to paramilitary Karuna Group entered the offices of MAG (Mines Advisory Group) in Batticaloa at 2.55 p.m and beat up a local staffer working at the office and threatened the British national heading the Batticaloa office of MAG, sources in Batticaloa said.

    3) February 22, 2006 A Muslim supporter of the Sri Lanka’s main opposition United National Party (UNP) was shot dead around 8 p.m. allegedly by a Muslim armed group at Meerakerny in Eravur, about 14 km. north of Batticaloa, sources in Batticaloa said.

    4) February 23, 2006 Mr Navarasan, a former member of the Liberation Tigers, was shot dead in Valaichenai by GOSL security forces and members of a paramilitary group at 9.45 p.m. Wednesday, sources in Batticaloa said. The incident took place along Vishnu Kovil Road in Kiran.

    5) February 23, 2006 An artillery shell fired from a Sri Lanka Army camp in Vadamaradchi fell inside Liberation Tigers controlled area, about 1.5 km beyond the no-man zone border in Muhamalai Thursday morning around 4:50 a.m. The artillery, launched from Nagarkovil SLA camp, landed between Satha Nagar settlement, a displaced people’s settlement and an LTTE camp in the area, peace secretariat officials said.

    06) February 23, 2006 A Vegitable seller shot dead by GOSL security Forces.

    07) Friday, 24 February 2006 A gang of men from the EPDP political party-cum-paramilitary entered the offices of Jaffna district parliamentarian Gangendakumar threaten him and journalists at the site with death threats, journalists from Jaffna said.

    08) February 25, 2006 Three fishermen from Sakkottai, Vadamaradchy were attacked and their fishing accessories including nets were damaged by Sri Lanka Navy (SLN) soldiers from a patrolling Dvora speed boat in the Point Pedro seas Friday 9.30 a.m. Sooriyakumaran, president of Vadamaradchy North fisheries consortium, compained to SLMM.

    9) February 26, 2006 Alalasundaram Satheesh, a cadre of Eelam Peoples Democratic Party (EPDP), a paramilitary group working with Sri Lanka Government, armed with a hand gun and communications equipment belonging to the Sri Lanka Army (SLA), was patrolling residential areas of Jaffna islet of Delft Friday night around 8 p.m., sources in Delft said. Residents remained indoors without venturing out to get provisions in local shops, local residents said. This is against what the Sri-Lanka government agreed at Geneva Talks.

    10) Sunday, 26 February 2006 showing little respect for the Cease Fire Agreement (CFA), the Sri Lanka Navy (SLN) went on yet another subjugati campaign against Jaffna fishermen on Saturday. Eleven fishermen were attacked and their nets were torn apart by the SLA while at sea. The fishermen from Point Pedro in Jaffna were also robbed of their fishing passes, which validate them as locals.

    11) February 26, 2006 Sri Lanka Navy (SLN) soldiers seized fishing passes from eleven Point Pedro fishermen, destroyed their nets and fishing accessories and chased them back to the shores Saturday, the fishermen said in a complaint to the Vadamaradchy North Fisheries Consortium.

    12) Sunday, 26 February 2006 Alalasundaram Satheesh, a cadre of the EPDP political party-cum-paramilitary has been roaming the Delft Island off the coast of Jaffna peninsula, reported worried local residents. Just days after the Government of Sri Lanka (GoSL) promised to disarm all paramilitaries; the particular carder has been seen brandishing assault riffles and state of the art communications equipment used by the Sri Lanka Army (SLA).

    13) Sunday, 26 February 2006 The Sri Lanka Army (SLA) has began training a new batch of 50 soldiers in Deep Penetration Attacks, which involve penetrating deep in to Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) administrated areas and carrying out claymore bomb blasts against prominent targets. The 50 were selected from the over 40, 000 soldiers who are currently occupying the Jaffna peninsula. Training is said to include survival skills to be used in LTTE administered areas and the use of advanced weapons including latest sniper riffles and night vision equipment. CFA expressly forbids deep penetration activities of the Sri-Lanka army.

    14) February 27 2006 Ex LTTE member found dead with stab wounds in Kalmunai. The body of a young LTTE suporter was found with stab wounds at Periyakulakkaddu, Paandiruppu in Kalmunai, 40 km. south of Batticoloa, around 8 a.m.

    15) Monday, 27 February 2006 Vinayagamoorthy Muralitharan (Karuna), an expelled member of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) is to be absorbed into the mainstream Sri Lanka Armed Forces (SLAF), reports from Colombo said. Karuna who was expelled from the LTTE for misconduct including recruitment of under age youth was later employed by interested parties to head the paramilitary ‘Karuna Group’ to and to disrupt the four year long Cease Fire Agreement (CFA) between the LTTE and the Government of Sri Lanka (GoSL).

    16) February 28, 2006 Surrendered paramilitary cadre reveals planned claymore mine attacks on top LTTE leaders prior to Geneva Talks. A paramilitary cadre with instructions to eliminate a Brigade Commander of the Liberation Tigers and an Intelligence Wing official in Batticaloa before talks in Geneva, met the press Tuesday morning in LTTE controlled Kokkaddicholai. The 32-year-old paramilitary cadre, Vigneswaran, told media at Solayaham Conference Centre that he turned himself to the Tigers as he was unhappy to obey instructions issued by the Sri Lankan military.

    17) Tuesday, 28 February 2006 Dr. K. Manoharan of Trincomalee whose son Ragihar, 20, was murdered by Sri Lankan Special Task Force at the beginning of the year has written to Asian Human Rights Commission *(AHRC) about death threats against him. According to the letter, Dr Manoharan was threatened with death should he give evidence at the trial. What is clear from the letter is the fact that yet again Tamil paramilitaries are doing the dirty work for the Sri Lankan Armed Forces, by using scare tactics to silence the victims of atrocities.

    18) Tuesday, 28 February 2006 Four armed paramilitary cadres who entered the home of jewellery shop owner in Munaiyakaadu, Amaparai district on Sunday night at around 11p.m had stolen around three million rupees in cash and jewellery. The victim has reported the incident to Sri Lanka Monitoring Mission (SLMM) office for the district. The incident came just days after the Government of Sri Lanka (GoSL) promised to adhere to the Cease Fire Agreement (CFA) and rein in all the government sponsored paramilitaries.

    19) March 01, 2006 Sri Lanka Navy (SLN) soldiers fired artillery in the deep seas in Vadamaradchy east between 8 and 9 am Wednesday forcing the fisher folk whose livelyhood is fishing to return to shore. This happened in the sea between Mamunai up to Uduthurai.

    20) Thursday, 02 March 2006 Reports from the Jaffna district said that carders of the EPDP political party-cum-paramilitary are causing a general nuisance across the district. Eye witnesses said that ‘these hooligans who travel around in local government Pick Up trucks with protection from the Sri Lanka Army and Police are indulging in unprovoked threats to civilians’. ‘They are also shouting abuse and indecent proposals to female passers by,’ sources added.

    21) March 02, 2006 Troop presence impedes education in Jaffna Campus. Jaffna University Student Union representatives and the University officials led by Vice Chancellor C. Mohanadas met at Jaffna University campus premises Wednesday 2 pm to explore possibilities of recommencing educational activities at Jaffna Campus, University officials said. Lectures and other campus activities were suspended from December 2005 due to escalating violence in Jaffna district and the presence of Sri Lanka troops in areas close to the University.

    22) March 03, 2006 The Liberation Tigers in Trincomalee said Thursday that they have submitted fresh evidence to the Sri Lanka Monitoring Mission (SLMM) to confirm that five of their members who had been reported missing since 25 February were arrested by Sri Lanka Army (SLA) soldiers. “Our organisation has lodged a fresh complaint based on evidence thRough eye-witnesses to substantiate our earlier complaint.

    23) Friday, 03 March 2006 The Sinhala occupation forces were visibly annoyed by around 50 students and teachers of a popular Jaffna Hindu school, visiting the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) administered Vanni mainland, sources said. Major Chandrasiri summoned the Regional Directors of Education from Vadmarachy, Thenmarachy, Islets, Valikamam and Jaffna regions areas and threatened to have them sacked from their jobs if they continued to allow students and teachers to visit LTTE administered areas, sources added. Meanwhile, education officials were extremely angered by the occupation forces interfering in the civil administration of the peninsula. ‘They can’t tell us what to do. We allowed students and teachers to visit other areas of the Tamil homeland for social interactions,’ a teacher told us on condition of anonymity. ‘We did not discuss about any of the army atrocities, or harassments, so we don’t know why they are so angry’ a baffled student said. Jaffna has been under the occupation of Sinhala armed forces since 1996, when the military launched a massive operation and displaced over 500, 000 civilians from the peninsula. Since the signing of a Cease Fire Agreement (CFA) between the LTTE and Government of Sri Lanka (GoSL), many displaced people have returned to their homes and are attempting to rebuild their lives.

    24) Friday, 03 March 2006 A Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) front post came under attack from government sponsored paramilitaries and Sri Lankan military personnel, sources said. The attack took place at 00.30 hours, Saturday, in an area that is 5.2 km from Batticaloa town. The heavily armed attackers opened fire at a sentry point, guarded by ten LTTE cadres, LTTE’s political head for the Batticaloa district said. The ensuring firefight lasted for around seven minutes, and one member of the LTTE was killed, he added. According to LTTE members involved in the firefight the armed group withdrew towards the Vavunaitheeva army camp. The attack has brought the Cease Fire Agreement (CFA) into serious disrepute. At the end on two days of peace talks in Geneva, the Government of Sri Lanka (GoSL) promised to disarm all government-sponsored paramilitaries.

    25) March 03, 2006 Two Liberation Tigers cadres were killed Saturday midnight when a heavily armed group of attackers, who entered the Liberation Tigers controlled area beyond the no-go zone in Vavunathivu, launched an ambush on a LTTE sentry point, LTTE’s Batticaloa District Political Head Daya Mohan said. A firefight ensued for more than 10 minutes and the attackers withdrew towards Vavunathivu Sri Lanka Army (SLA) base, Daya Mohan added.

    26) Saturday, 04 March 2006 Fishermen from Jaffna reported that a Sri Lanka Navy (SLN) fast attack craft, collided with a fishing boat off the costal town of Maathagal. The SLN goons then, ‘threw one of the two fisher men onboard the boat into the see’, they added. Meanwhile, fishermen from across the Jaffna district have stopped going to sea, fearing for their safety. Fishing is the second largest income provider in the Tamil Homeland, after agriculture.

    27) March 04, 2006 Valligamam south and west fishermen have suspended all fishing activities in Northern seas from Saturday in protest against the Sri Lanka Navy (SLN) forces’ persistent harassment and attacks on fishermen, and demanded freedom to fish without hindrance, said Fishermen Societies Consortium in Jaffna Friday evening in a press meet held in Jaffna, sources said.

    28) Sunday, 05 March 2006 Family members of Tamil Speaking Muslim S.M.Suhaib who is affliated with the TNA ( Tamil National Alliance – a group of democratic Tamil political parties ) came under attack from armed EPDP thugs in Jaffna on Friday morning, sources said. ‘Only cowards like them would target family members,’ Mohammed from the town added. Meanwhile, Moulavi.S.M. Shahil, co-contestant for the Jaffna Municipal Council, said in a communiqué released from Muslim Street, Jaffna Saturday that: attack on Suhaib’s familiy is an ‘act of State terrrorism,’ and exposes the political bankruptcy of the paramilitaries assisting the chauvinist State. ‘We are certain that the Tamil speaking people will express their aspirations in the local council elections, and will demonstrate that efforts of many nefarious forces to destroy the increasing amity between Muslim and Tamil people cannot succeed.

    29) March 05, 2006 A former soldier of Sri Lanka Army (SLA) accused of being an LTTE suporter was shot dead by A group of armed men suspected be SL military personel in Oddumavadi, Valaichenai at 5.30 p.m., Sunday, Valaichenai police said. Mohamed Navas, 22, a resident of Division 2 in Oddumavadi, was in the house of one of his friends when three men entered the house, talked to Mohamed before firing at him.

    30) March 07, 2006 Mr M Jawfar, 45, a Muslim businessman and a father of a child suspected of being an LTTE suporter died at the Eravur hospital after being shot and seriously wounded by a Muslim paramilitary group armed and maintained by SL security forces on Monday at 10 p.m. near the Women’s Market Road, Eravur-1, sources in Batticaloa said.

    31) March 07, 2006 Two military personnel on a motorbike robbed a petrol station situated in Kaluwanchikudy in the east Monday night around 8.30 p.m. According to a complaint made by Mr.S.Nagendran, owner of the petrol station and LTTE supportar the men absconded after taking one hundred thousand rupees from his till when he was about to close the business for the day, Police sources said.

    32) March 07, 2006 Parents of a seventeen-years-old boy in Jaffna, registered a complaint with Jaffna Human Rights Commission (HRC) office Tuesday that their son, Thushyanthan, has been missing for more than four days. HRC officials said there have been marked increases in disappearances of persons in Jaffna district the last several days after a decline in the three weeks leading up to talks in Geneva.

    33) March 08, 2006 More than five hundred Sri Lanka Army (SLA) troops with a few paramilitary cadres arrived in several heavy military vehicles and eight Buffel armored vehicles, cordoned off, and searched residences in Erlalai South, Kalavodai Amman Temple areas at 3.30 a.m. Wednesday morning, sources in Jaffna said. The SLA soldiers, at 6 a.m., entered the house of a 30 year old civilian who owns a bakery, beat him and left after ransacking his business premises, sources added.

    34) Thursday, 09 March 2006 Reports from Batticaloa said that members of the government sponsored paramilitary Karuna Group, had shot dead a young male in Batticaloa. The victim Govindan Vijeyarasa, 21, of Arumugaththankudiyiruppu, was travelling on a public transport bus from Eravur to Batticaloa Town. The incident occurred on Thursday at around 11am local time, two weeks after the Government of Sri Lanka (GoSL) promised to disarm all government sponsored paramilitaries.

    35) Friday, 10 March 2006 Reports from the Jaffna peninsula said that the Sinhala occupation forces have took over the Katkovalam fish market, which is loacted 2km east of Point Pedro town. The market had been functioning since time immemorial – even during colonial times Sinhala occupiers are the first to close it down,’ said an annoyed fisherman whose livelihood has been ruined by this latest inconsiderate act by the occupation forces. Meanwhile, the Sinhala soldiers are busy converting the market area into a mini camp, sources added.

    36) March 10, 2006 A group of armed Singhala Forces shot and injured a Tamil youth Friday noon in the village Kanniya located above seven km northwest of Trincomalee. The wounded youth, Suthakar, was admitted to the Trincomalee general hospital with gunshot injuries in his shoulder, Police said. Kanniya village comes under the Uppuveli Police division in the Trincomalee district.

    37) March 10, 2006 Sri Lanka Army (SLA) has ordered closure of the fish market located close to the shore in the coastal town of Katkovalam located 2 km east of Point Pedro town. The SLA recently has built new sentry points and a mini camp near the fish market and claimed that the market poses security threat to their new positions, Vadamaradchy Fisheries Consortium officials said.

    38) Saturday, 11 March 2006 A meeting arranged by Jaffna Human Rights Commission to find a way to get the Government of Sri Lanka (GoSL) to pay rent for private homes and building it has been forcefully occupying for the past 16 years ended in failure, sources from Jaffna said. Sri Lanka Army (SLA) representatives who met with Jaffna Welfare Associations had at point blank refused to pay any sort of rent for the over 30, 000 homes they are occupying under the pretext of High Security Zone (HSZ). Fishermen also made the point that they need to live close to the shore if they are to carry on with their livelihood. The SLA had said it was not interested in discussing the issues raised by fishermen.

    39) March 11, 2006 Abducted Erlalai youth found with serious stab injuries. A Tamil youth who was abducted by three armed men from his home in Erlalai East, Jaffna Thursday at 11 p.m. was found near a cemetary in Chunnakam with serious stab injuaries to his body sources in Jaffna said. Kottiyal Hindu cemetary where the injured youth was found is located in Chunnakam Road, Punnalaikattuvan nearly 3 k.m. South of Erlalai where he was abducted by EPRLF.

    40) Monday, 13 March 2006 Two young boys, both aged 15 were abducted by Karuna Group carders travelling in a white van with no number plate, said sources from Batticaloa. The young boys were riding on their bicycles, when a white van emerged from nowhere forced the children into the van and sped off in the direction of the Valaichenai fisheries harbour camp of the Sri Lanka Army (SLA), eyewitnesses said. Unidentifiable white vans are a favourite with paramilitaries working for the SL army.

    41) March 13, 2006 The Sri Lankan Armed forces (SLA) prohibited fishermen from Kudathanai, Manatkadu regions in Vadamaradchi east Monday from drying their catch of seasonal sprats on the shores. The affected fishermen have lodged complaints with Jaffna Fisheries Union Consortium, said Fisheries Union officials.

    42) March 13, 2006 Paramilitary cadres, riding in a white van on Kalkudah road in Valaichenai, abducted two 15-years-old boys around 5:30 p.m. Monday. The van, without a number plate, rushed towards Valaichenai fisheries harbour camp of the Sri Lanka Army (SLA) with the abducted boys, eyewitnesses alleged. The incident took place in front of the office of ZOA, a Christian International NGO, located close to the Valaichenai Bus stand.

    43) March 14, 2006 Five Tamil youths, aged between 15 and 20 were arrested by Sinhala speaking persons and paramilitary cadres in military fatigue Monday around 3:00 p.m. inside the LTTE controlled Murithanai in Vaharai, residents said. All five youths were laborers, villagers said. Murithanai is 5 km west of Valaichenai where two youths were abducted by paramilitary cadres on Monday. Further 2 youths were kidnapped in Urani in Batticaloa around 6:00 p.m. Monday. Nine youths were reported missing in Batticaloa on Monday.

    44) Tuesday, 14 March 2006 Tamil National Alliance (TNA) members participating in the forthcoming local elections have complained of continued intimidation and threats of death being issued by Sri Lanka Army (SLA) soldiers and EPDP thugs. Several TNA members said that they have received letters instructing them not to participate in the elections, and that not heading the warnings would lead to them being killed. However, TNA members added that this sort of threat from SLA and EPDP had always been around and that they were not going to give in. Even if I was an innocent civilian with no involvement in politics I am just as likely to be shot to death by the SLA or EPDP. In the occupied areas there are as many arbitrary killings as there are targeted assassinations,’ said one member.

    45) March 14, 2006 PLOTE cadres (armed paramilitary group working for the SL army) abducted three youths, two Muslims and one Tamil, Tuesday early morning at 1 a.m. in Pattanisoor area in Vavuniya. Residents speculated that the abductions are linked to the relationship one of the abductees’ brother had with a Tamil girl, which the families were opposed to.

    46) March 16, 2006 a group of SL army personnels on Wednesday lobbed a grenade at the residence of a businessman in Vavuniya, sources in Vavuniya said. No one was injured in the attack. Five traders have registered complaints with Vavuniya police that persons claiming to be belonging to Karuna group have threatened over the phone demanding large sums of money, Vavuniya Police said.

    47) Friday, 17 March 2006 Reports from Vavuniya said that the POLTE paramilitary group has gone on a rampage threatening shopkeepers in the area. PLOTE which operates under the Sri Lanka Army (SLA) is mainly based in Vavuniya and has presence in both the North and East of the island. Residents of Vavuniya said that PLOTE gang members have been approaching them asking for money and had issued death threats when businesses refused to pay up. Many off-licenses complaint of PLOTE gang members demanding expensive foreign liquor for free, while smaller shops complaint of a similar problem by with packs of cigarettes. ‘The foreign brands are very expensive. We can’t keeping giving them away for free,’ said one shaken shop owner.

    48) Friday, 17 March 2006 A protest called for by the Students’ Union of the Eastern University shut Baticola town. The protests were organized against continued abductions by government sponsored paramilitaries in the occupied areas of the district. Paramilitary Karuna group cadres were seen intimidating people to open their businesses – an undemocratic act against peaceful protest.

    49) Sunday, 19 March 2006 The Karuna Group of the Sri Lanka Army (SLA) had abducted six more farm workers, sources from Batticaloa said. The six were abducted by Karuna Group members who arrived in a white van without number plates, which is a favourite of the armed groups that operate under the SLA. The names and ages of the abducted were released to the media by a community based organisation. Meanwhile, it has been over a month since the Government of Sri Lanka (GoSL) promised to abide by the Cease Fire Agreement (CFA) and disarm all government sponsored paramilitaries.

    50) March 18, 2006 Sri Lanka Army (SLA) soldiers arrested a journalist working for the Tamil daily Thinakkural for photographing the front portal of the admintrative office of Jaffna jail located on the Main Street in Jaffna Town at 4 p.m. Saturday, sources in Jaffna said. The SLA soldiers refused to accept press credentials of Kandasamy Iruthayabavan and took him into the SLA camp for interrogation.

    51) Monday, 20 March 2006 Fishermen from the Jaffna district have lodged complaints with the Sri Lanka Monitoring Mission (SLMM) against the Sri Lanka Army (SLA) who are continuing to steal the fishermen’s catches on a daily bases. The fishermen had complaint that not only does the SLA take all necessary measures to make fishing as difficult as possible, but also waits at shore to steal their daily catch. The costal villagers, who were heavily affected by the 25 years of civil war and the recent Tsunami, were just managing to put their lives back together with the help of Non Governmental Organisations (NGOs).

    52) Monday, 20 March 2006 The Sri Lanka Navy (SLN) had today launched a mock invasion of costal villages in Trincomalee, reports from the district said. A number of SLN fast attack crafts supported by smaller boats had advanced towards the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) administered villages of Sampoor, Koonitivu, Soodaikuda and Kadatkaraichchenai, sources said. The attack crafts were firing heavy machine guns while the exercise was taking place. People from the costal villages fled in fear in to the interior.

    53) March 20, 2006 The body of a young man found with gun shot injuries behind Manresa Training Centre, 4 km. west of Batticaloa town, Monday morning, was identified as an LTTE supporter.

    54) March 20, 2006 A Dvora and two water jets of the Sri Lanka Navy (SLN) have been seen firing towards the coastal villages Sampoor, Soodaikuda, Koonitivu and Kadatkaraichchenai in the Liberation Tigers held Muttur east in the Trincomalee district from Monday morning around 11 a.m. Firing is still going on with interruptions and several civilian houses have been damaged.

    55) March 21, 2006 Karuna group gunman shot and killed a Tamil man with T-56 assault riffle at Iyankerny in Eravur, 14 km. north of Batticaloa, around 9.30 p.m., Monday, police said.

    56) March 22, 2006 Sri Lanka Army (SLA) troops threatened students at the Jaffna Technical College where celebrations marking Annai Poopathi’s anniversary are taking place. More than 300 SLA soldiers who arrived at the Technical College premises at 3 p.m. Wednesday demanded taking down of the Tamileelam National flag, which the students hoisted in the morning as part of the celebrations, sources said. Tension prevailed for more than an hour while the students refused to comply with the SLA demands.

    57) March 22, 2006 A group of PLOTE perssonel, a paramilitary group which works with the SL army shot and killed M. Gunaratnam, a prominent businessman in Vavuniya and his bus conductor Jude in Kurumankadu Vavuniya, Wednesday night at about 8.45 p.m, Vavuniya police said. Sources in Vavuniya said Mr Gunaratnam had diclined a ransom demand from the group.

    58) March 23, 2006 Body found in Batticaloa belongs to Ex-LTTE cadre
    Body of a young male recovered near the Batticaloa lagoon near Pillaiyarady on Monday has been identified by his wife as belonging to an ex-member of Liberation Tigers’ Jayanthan Brigade who had left the LTTE and was working as a day laborer, sources in Batticaloa said.

    59) Friday, 24 March 2006 An elderly man, 70 years of age has been abducted by the Sri Lanka Army (SLA) at the border between Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) administered Vanni mainland and the Sinhala occupied Jaffna district, sources from Jaffna said. The elderly man who was returning from a visit to Vanni went missing after entering huts where SL army carry out searches of people entering the occupied areas. The wife of the missing man had reported the incident to Jaffna district Human Rights Commission, sources added. Over a hundred Tamils have gone missing in the occupied areas since Mahinda Rajapaksa was elected President less than six months ago.

    60) Friday, 24 March 2006 A member of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) was killed and another injured when a forward defense post came under ambush by the Sri Lanka Army (SLA), sources said. The front post located at Poonagar in Trincomalee district was targeted on Thursday night, reports added. LTTE sources said that the attackers had come from and fled back to the Mahindapura camp of the SLA. This incident was the latest in a number of attacks targeting front posts in the eastern districts. Several LTTE members have been died in the ambushes carried out by the SLA in total violation of the Cease Fire Agreement (CFA).

    61) March 24, 2006 Five fishermen who are being detained at the Kankesanthurai Police from Wednesday morning said in a statement to the Attorney at the Jaffna Human Rights Commission Mr M Remedius Thursday that soldiers of the Sri Lanka Navy (SLN) forcefully arrested them while they were fishing in deep seas close to Mullaitivu about 30 km southeast of Point Pedro, civil society sources said.

    62) March 24, 2006 Sri Lanka Army troopers Friday morning entered the grounds of Jaffna Technical College and beat the students who were paying tribute to Annai Poopathy. Soldiers attacked the Student Union Leader of the Technical College Mr. Suganthan and 15 fellow students including 8 female students. Sri Lankan soldiers, who entered the premises in a Buffel Armoured vehicle, removed the Thamileelam national flag, hoisted in the school grounds and smashed the photograph of Annai Poopathy, windows of the college building, and the motorbikes parked inside the college ground.

    63) Saturday, 25 March 2006 Reports from Valachenai said that members of the Karuna Group had abducted, tortured and murdered Mr Regikanth, a father of two young children. The victim was working on a Tsunami reconstruction project when he first started receiving threats from government sponsored paramilitary operatives, family sources said. ‘Regikanth had been threatened on several occasions. He put his life on the line to help his people and now he has paid the ultimate price,’ a friend of the victim said. The attackers had abducted the victim before blindfolding and stabing him in several places. The tortured body was then thrown near a river and was found by local civilians, sources added.

    64) Saturday, 25 March 2006 Six soldiers of the Sri Lanka Army (SLA) arrived in a white van without number platers and shot dead Ponniah Murugesu, 40, in front of his shop in Vavuniya, sources from the town said. In recent weeks a number of businessmen have been victims of assassinations in the Tamil town, which is under Sinhala military occupation. Reports said that the PLOTE paramilitary group has been active in extorting the local business community and is sharing the funds with SL army officiers.

    Whi do we have to continue to suffer at the hands of the SL state especially when there is a ceasefire in force.

  11. Mind you. you must be really annoyed Devarajan that you cannot counter any of my posts. Every one knows including SLMM that LTTE’s ceasfire violations are many fold. Over 3000. No point posting them here. Such a small number of ceasefire violations by SL army even you can post them here. Just get the picture. Asked SLMM who is violating ceasefire more. So wake up. Stop harraasing your own people. Stop Child Recruitement. LTTE will be prosecuted near future for war crimes. Let’s fight for Democracy and Freedom. Sinhalese want better government and United Country, as well as many Tamils who live in Sri Lanka.

  12. Tamils dilver their verdict again, once more. Since the Vattukottai proclamation in 1976 authorizing the Tamil United Liberation front to work for the creation of a separate state, the Tamil people have been speaking with one voice, confirming their desaire to separate at each sugsequent election. Camouflaged facists masquerading as protectors of human rights take note of the recently concluded ( this past Wednesday) Pradeshiya Sabha election.

    Any government ethnic cleansing, massacring its minorities is liable to be prcecuted by the UN. In UN parlance its called crimes against humanity.

    The LTTE-backed Ilankai Thamil Arasu Kachchi (ITAK) was the outright winner of all seats in the Thirukkovil and Alaiadivembu Pradeshiya Sabhas in the Ampara district. They won Karaithivu in Amparai district with 4 seats. ITAK also won both the Trincomalee Urban Council with 10 seats and Trincomalee Town and Gravets Pradeshiya Sabha with 6 seats. Rival Ealam People’s Democratic Party (EPDP) led by Minister Douglas Devananda failed to secure at least a single seat in any of the councils in which elections were held. However, the EPDP won the Puthukudirippu Pradeshiya Sabha in the heart of the territory controlled by the Tiger rebels without a contest as ITAK’s nominations were rejected by the retaining officer.

  13. As the story goes about Humpty Dumty sat on a wall——-All the kings horses ——could not put Humty together again. This is the state of the broken and divided country called srilanka. It is too late to put a patch to mend the broken pieces and to glue it down again. Mahinda’s regime has made a permanent damge to the unity of the country as is presumed by a unitary state controlled by the sinhala government. Manifesto of Mahinda is clearly against the tamils in its totality as such tamils cannot live in a united country called srilanka. Tamils have only one option and that is an independant tamil Eelam whether sinister forces and government hooligans are opposed to it.Tamils will be free to have their own kingdom as was of old times. Tamils are not a subjective race but are taught to face the enemy face to face and die in the battle with a spear on the chest than one at the back. As the old saying goes when the mother found a dead son on the battle field with a spear buried in his chest she was overwhelmed with joy for a brave warrior who did not run away to get attacked at his back but received the enemy attack to the chest face to face.

  14. The present state of off-hand approach of Tamils in India over Srilankan affairs may last as long as Prabakaran is alive. Tamils in India are bound by their law of the land. What they have understood is Srilankan Government has not done anything worthwhile to assuage the feelings of Tamils in Srilanka. Whether there is LTTE or not, Tamils have been made by the Government of Srilanka to ask for Ealam. If it is not LTTE, someone else will raise up to take up the task of acquiring Ealam.

    Sooner or later some political opportunist in Tamil Nadu, (most probably at the end of current tenure of Government, by 2008) will rake up Ceylon issue, which is slowly catching up, and will take up the creation of Ealam as the main cause. The current trend in Tamil Nadu is for sure settlement towards Ealam. For more than two decades they ignored this issue politically, but many political parties find a genuine underlying grievance in this Ealam issue and who is to succeed in garnering them as votes to vault them to dictate politics in Tamil Nadu is a question of arithmatics and alliance politics.

    Removing the ban over LTTE in India, which was done by the Congress Government which took over after Rajiv assasination, would further enchance the opportunities for a sure settlement and People of India’s involvement in it. The Congress may consider this to enhance its poll prospects in Tamil Nadu and for settling with alliance partners.

    Srilankan politicians and their noble elite should not forget to take note of the political scenario in Tamil Nadu and the Tamils of India.

    Ealam is the end for Tamil’s animosity with Singalese and vise-versa.
    Wish there will be peace in the Island nation thereafter.

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